• Sudan’s relations with newly independent South Sudan deteriorated in early 2012, leading to clashes along the shared border. Although the two governments signed an agreement in September, paving the way for resumption of oil production, fighting between Sudanese government forces andrebels continues in Darfur, as well as in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, where Sudan’s indiscriminate bombardment and obstruction of aid forced more than 170,000 to flee to South Sudan. Student-led protests in university towns intensified in response to austerity measures and political grievances. Sudanese authorities harassed and detained opposition party members, civil society leaders, and journalists, and censored the press.

  • Protesters hold posters of Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir and Janjaweed leader Ali Kosheib (right) outside the European Union Council in Brussels on July 14, 2008.
    Satellite images confirm the wholesale destruction of villages in Central Darfur in an attack in April 2013 by a militia leader sought by the International Criminal Court



  • Apr 21, 2014
    Sudanese authorities have failed to provide justice for scores of civilians killed in anti-government protests in September 2013.
  • Apr 18, 2014
  • Mar 21, 2014

    Sudan’s government has renewed ground and air attacks on civilians in villages in Darfur. The government has also cracked down on students in Khartoum peacefully protesting the violence in Darfur, resulting in the death of one and the detention of many protesters and activists.

  • Mar 17, 2014

    Members of the UN Human Rights Council called on Egypt and Sudan on March 14, 2014, to investigate and prosecute traffickers for kidnapping, torturing, and killing refugees in the Sinai Peninsula, said Human Rights Watch. 

  • Mar 7, 2014
  • Feb 11, 2014

    Mesfin fled his country in early 2012 in the dead of night. Eritrea's repressive regime had forced him, like tens of thousands of other men and women there, to become a soldier at 16, with the prospect of life-long involuntary military service. He fled his barracks but was caught.

  • Feb 11, 2014

    Traffickers have kidnapped, tortured, and killed refugees, most from Eritrea, in eastern Sudan and Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, according to dozens of interviewees said Human Rights Watch.

  • Jan 21, 2014
    Sudan’s human rights record was marred by the government’s indiscriminate aerial bombing of populated areas and the excessive use of force by security forces to suppress popular protests this year.
  • Dec 26, 2013

    If officials in a foreign country to which you had fled forced you and hundreds of your compatriots to live in isolation in the desert, surrounded by a fence and armed guards to monitor your every move, limited the public transport available to take you elsewhere during the few hours between mandatory headcounts and gave strict orders to stay inside at night, it would be fair to say that you were in detention.

  • Dec 18, 2013

    Israeli authorities are effectively detaining hundreds of Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers despite an Israeli High Court order for their release, Human Rights Watch said. More than 150 of the migrants ignored the rules restricting their mobility and walked out of what they called an “open prison” in the Negev desert to march toward Jerusalem in protest. On December 17, 2013, they gathered outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, where police apprehended them.