The government of President Alpha Condé has made progress in addressing the serious governance and human rights problems that characterized Guinea for more than five decades. Ethnic tensions between groups linger. The government has made some progress in ensuring accountability for past atrocities, including the 2009 massacre of unarmed demonstrators by security forces. Reports of human rights violations by security forces have declined significantly, but security forces are implicated in numerous incidents of excessive use of force and criminality, especially against supporters of the political opposition. Inadequate progress on strengthening the judiciary and endemic corruption continued to undermine respect for the rule of law and directly led to violations.