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"Nsubuga", Farmer

This is where  the pipeline will pass.I am very worried because it is so close to my house and I don’t know what will happen.


All along the route of the planned East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP), the echoes of communities voicing the same concerns. If built, the 1,443 kilometer pipeline would link the Tilenga and Kingfisher oil fields in western Uganda to the Tanzanian coast.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

There is a lot of resistance against the EACOP because the Tilenga, Kingfisher, and EACOP oil projects are bad for people, are bad for nature, and are bad for climate change.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

I object the pipeline because it has displaced thousands and thousands of people without enabling them to regain their land elsewhere.


TotalEnergies and the Chinese company CNOOC acquired the rights to develop

the oil fields along with Ugandan and Tanzanian companies. Uganda has considerable renewable energy potential. It doesn’t need the pipeline.

"Nsubuga", Farmer

There were trees all over here but they were cut and the government isn’t saying

anything about this.


Like some 90% of farmers, Nsubuga accepted money in exchange for a plot of his land,but he described a process that was lengthy and confusing and many promises, including some assistance with the school fees, unkept.

"Nsubuga", Farmer

Over the years, the same coffee  plants our grandparents had farmed helped pay the children school fees throughout the school year,but now this is not the case anymore and the children’s school fees are always going up.


Problems around the relocation of the families’ graves, caused more resentment towards

TotalEnergies.The compensation offered at the time wasn’t always enough for the

traditional rituals to be conducted.

Not far from here, Lubega is one of the few farmers who refused compensation

from TotalEnergies.

"Lubega", Farmer

The first time they came they told us that a mature coffee tree will be valued at 33,000 Ugandan shillings (US$9). We told them that it takes a lot of  time to grow coffee until it’s this big.You have to dig the pit, buy the seedlings, plant the coffee, so their valuation was unfair.

That’s why I first refused to sign the contract. I don’t think the forms they brought were clear.

I didn’t notice certain words, couldn’t read them. A lot was not clear.


TotalEnergies promised farmers would not be worse off but those leaving their land have not

been fairly compensated. The money received didn’t allow  them to purchase land as fertile or as big in the same area. 100,000 people across Uganda and Tanzania will lose their land and livelihoods.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

People were dependent on their land for survival, schooling their children, medication and all sorts of income in their home. They lost it. And it was long-term, the families

grew up being supported by that land. But one project is coming and

taking it in just a few hours!


In a response to Human Rights Watch reporting about inadequate compensation, TotalEnergies said they continue to pay close attentionto respecting the rights of communities concerned

and added they believe the compensation paid met the standard of full replacement value.

"Lubega", Farmer

Once the pipeline starts working, I don’t know if I will still be able to grow

stuff like beans or coffee. I fear it will never be the same. Those who resist and those

who defend them, risk arrest and continuous threats from the Ugandan authorities.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

If you’re campaigning to stop the expansion of the fossil fuel industry, it is very difficult.

More so if you’re working in a country such as Uganda where the civic space is repressed.

Now when they realize that arrest  can't stop you, then intimidation, threats,

delegitimization,and other types of activities that aim at stopping the work that we do

are perpetrated against us.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

The method of continuing has been silencing those who want to talk.  They [Ugandan authorities] create fear to talk about these dangers to see that nobody else should

talk about it.


Jealousy, a farmer and a pastor from the northern part of the country, decided to take the fight against EACOP and TotalEnergies to France.

Jealousy, pastor and farmer

Then when I was coming back to my motherland Uganda, I reached at Entebbe airport,

I was arrested, detained in jail for nine hours.  And after I came back, I got

intimidation calls from different people. They called me, I didn't know them,

saying you’re sabotaging government,you’re sabotaging the oil project.


And while the farmers wonder what the futureholds for them, activists hope international

financial backers will steer clear of supporting EACOP.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

We would also like to see the international community ensuring that investments or money is flowing into the green economic sectors. It's not enough for them to take away funding from the fossil fuel sector. They must ensure that the funding that has been going to that sector flows to renewable energy and other green economic sectors so that Ugandans and people elsewhere,  can prosper  while conserving nature.

We can’t name the Ugandan filmmakers for security reasons. We would like to thank them and all the contributors who spoke with us.


  • 乌干达反化石燃料运动人士和环境捍卫者因为抗议一项计划中的原油管道,一再面临包括任意逮捕在内的骚扰。
  • 该项目摧毁乌干达成千上万人的生计,并可能带来数十年的温室气体排放,加剧全球气候危机。
  • 乌干达政府应尊重所有社运人士的权利,撤销对行使集会与言论自由人士的刑事控告。道抗争被扼杀


该报告篇幅22页, 题为《‘不准搞石油工作’:乌干达对环境捍卫者的镇压》,内容记录乌干达政府限制与原油开发有关的言论、结社和集会自由,包括规划中的东非原油管道。公民社会组织和环境捍卫者经常举报被恐吓骚扰、非法拘留或任意逮捕

“这种镇压造成寒蝉效应,导致有关这个世界最具争议化石燃料项目的言论自由遭到扼杀,” 人权观察环境问题高级研究员菲利克斯・宏恩(Felix Horne)说。“乌干达政府应立即停止任意逮捕反油管运动人士,遵循国际人权规范保障其行使言论自由的权利。”




乌干达民众走上街头,支持欧洲议会通过停建东非原油管道的决议,其中一名示威者遭警方逮捕,乌干达坎帕拉,2022年10月4日。   © 2022 REUTERS/Abubaker Lubowa


乌干达当局经常基于政治动机拘留和逮捕社运人士和人权捍卫者。环境捍卫者阿塔胡拉(Maxwell Atahura)描述2021年他在布利萨(Bullisa)被捕的情形: “[警察]当时正在问我有关原油的问题⋯才讲到一半,他们说我是恐怖分子,破坏政府项目⋯。最后他们在警方保释单写上‘非法集会’。” 阿塔胡拉并说他曾遭到威胁,最后为安全起见迁居坎帕拉。

乌干达总统穆塞韦尼(Yoweri Museveni)是东非原油管道项目的坚定后盾。他曾发出警告说,他绝不“允许任何人捣乱⋯[他的]原油。”

自2021年10月至今,至少30名抗议或试图解决石油项目恶果人士在坎帕拉和乌干达其他地区遭到政治动机的逮捕。 2021年,乌干达政府引用2016年非政府组织法的含糊条文勒令54个组织停业,包括一些关注石油业和其他环境议题的机构。持续关注石油议题的当地组织面临来自政府的极大压力,并有安全官员通过电话和当面施压以阻挠他们关于石油业的倡议活动。




道达尔集团于10月23日致函人权观察表示,该集团承认 “保护人权捍卫者,以及绝不容许针对以和平、合法方式促进其活动相关人权的人士施加攻击或威胁,十分重要。”

人权观察也致函乌干达全国非政府组织管理局(National Bureau for Nongovernmental Organisations,内政部下设的半自主机构)、内部安全组织(Internal Security Organisation)和乌干达警察部队(Uganda Police Force),但无一回覆。


“东非原油管道的兴建和营运将带来巨大的环境风险和人权风险,并助长全球气候危机,” 宏恩说。“鉴于化石燃料对气候变化的毁灭性影响,以及未来可能产生的严重人权影响,所有金融机构和保险公司均应避免支持这条乌干达石油管道。”

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