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"Nsubuga", Farmer

This is where  the pipeline will pass.I am very worried because it is so close to my house and I don’t know what will happen.


All along the route of the planned East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP), the echoes of communities voicing the same concerns. If built, the 1,443 kilometer pipeline would link the Tilenga and Kingfisher oil fields in western Uganda to the Tanzanian coast.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

There is a lot of resistance against the EACOP because the Tilenga, Kingfisher, and EACOP oil projects are bad for people, are bad for nature, and are bad for climate change.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

I object the pipeline because it has displaced thousands and thousands of people without enabling them to regain their land elsewhere.


TotalEnergies and the Chinese company CNOOC acquired the rights to develop

the oil fields along with Ugandan and Tanzanian companies. Uganda has considerable renewable energy potential. It doesn’t need the pipeline.

"Nsubuga", Farmer

There were trees all over here but they were cut and the government isn’t saying

anything about this.


Like some 90% of farmers, Nsubuga accepted money in exchange for a plot of his land,but he described a process that was lengthy and confusing and many promises, including some assistance with the school fees, unkept.

"Nsubuga", Farmer

Over the years, the same coffee  plants our grandparents had farmed helped pay the children school fees throughout the school year,but now this is not the case anymore and the children’s school fees are always going up.


Problems around the relocation of the families’ graves, caused more resentment towards

TotalEnergies.The compensation offered at the time wasn’t always enough for the

traditional rituals to be conducted.

Not far from here, Lubega is one of the few farmers who refused compensation

from TotalEnergies.

"Lubega", Farmer

The first time they came they told us that a mature coffee tree will be valued at 33,000 Ugandan shillings (US$9). We told them that it takes a lot of  time to grow coffee until it’s this big.You have to dig the pit, buy the seedlings, plant the coffee, so their valuation was unfair.

That’s why I first refused to sign the contract. I don’t think the forms they brought were clear.

I didn’t notice certain words, couldn’t read them. A lot was not clear.


TotalEnergies promised farmers would not be worse off but those leaving their land have not

been fairly compensated. The money received didn’t allow  them to purchase land as fertile or as big in the same area. 100,000 people across Uganda and Tanzania will lose their land and livelihoods.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

People were dependent on their land for survival, schooling their children, medication and all sorts of income in their home. They lost it. And it was long-term, the families

grew up being supported by that land. But one project is coming and

taking it in just a few hours!


In a response to Human Rights Watch reporting about inadequate compensation, TotalEnergies said they continue to pay close attentionto respecting the rights of communities concerned

and added they believe the compensation paid met the standard of full replacement value.

"Lubega", Farmer

Once the pipeline starts working, I don’t know if I will still be able to grow

stuff like beans or coffee. I fear it will never be the same. Those who resist and those

who defend them, risk arrest and continuous threats from the Ugandan authorities.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

If you’re campaigning to stop the expansion of the fossil fuel industry, it is very difficult.

More so if you’re working in a country such as Uganda where the civic space is repressed.

Now when they realize that arrest  can't stop you, then intimidation, threats,

delegitimization,and other types of activities that aim at stopping the work that we do

are perpetrated against us.

Maxwell Atuhura, Environmental Activist

The method of continuing has been silencing those who want to talk.  They [Ugandan authorities] create fear to talk about these dangers to see that nobody else should

talk about it.


Jealousy, a farmer and a pastor from the northern part of the country, decided to take the fight against EACOP and TotalEnergies to France.

Jealousy, pastor and farmer

Then when I was coming back to my motherland Uganda, I reached at Entebbe airport,

I was arrested, detained in jail for nine hours.  And after I came back, I got

intimidation calls from different people. They called me, I didn't know them,

saying you’re sabotaging government,you’re sabotaging the oil project.


And while the farmers wonder what the futureholds for them, activists hope international

financial backers will steer clear of supporting EACOP.

Diana Nabiruma, Africa Institute of Energy Governance

We would also like to see the international community ensuring that investments or money is flowing into the green economic sectors. It's not enough for them to take away funding from the fossil fuel sector. They must ensure that the funding that has been going to that sector flows to renewable energy and other green economic sectors so that Ugandans and people elsewhere,  can prosper  while conserving nature.

We can’t name the Ugandan filmmakers for security reasons. We would like to thank them and all the contributors who spoke with us.


  • 烏干達反化石燃料運動人士和環境捍衛者因為抗議一項計劃中的原油管道,一再面臨包括任意逮捕在內的騷擾。
  • 該項摧毀烏干達成千上萬人的生計,並可能帶來數十年的溫室氣體排放,加劇全球氣候危機。
  • 烏干達政府應尊重所有社運人士的權利,撤銷對行使集會與言論自由人士的刑事控告。


該報告篇幅22頁, 題為《「不准搞石油工作」:烏干達對環境捍衛者的鎮壓》,內容記錄烏干達政府限制與原油開發有關的言論、結社和集會自由,包括規劃中的東非原油管道。公民社會組織和環境捍衛者經常舉報被恐嚇騷擾、非法拘留或任意逮捕。

「這種鎮壓造成寒蟬效應,導致有關這個世界最具爭議化石燃料項目的言論自由遭到扼殺,」人權觀察環境問題高級研究員菲利克斯・宏恩(Felix Horne)說。「烏干達政府應立即停止任意逮捕反油管運動人士,遵循國際人權規範保障其行使言論自由的權利。」




烏干達民眾走上街頭,支持歐洲議會通過停建東非原油管道的決議,其中一名示威者遭警方逮捕,烏干達康培拉,2022年10月4日。 © 2022 REUTERS/Abubaker Lubowa


烏干達當局經常基於政治動機拘留和逮捕社運人士和人權捍衛者。環境捍衛者阿塔胡拉(Maxwell Atahura)描述2021年他在布利薩(Bullisa)被捕的情形:「[警察]當時正在問我有關原油的問題⋯才講到一半,他們說我是恐怖分子,破壞政府項目⋯。最後他們在警方保釋單寫上『非法集會』。」阿塔胡拉並說他曾遭到威脅,最後為安全起見遷居坎帕拉。

烏干達總統穆塞韋尼(Yoweri Museveni)是東非原油管道項目的堅定後盾。他曾發出警告說,他絕不「允許任何人搗亂⋯[他的]原油。」






人權觀察也致函烏干達全國非政府組織管理局(National Bureau for Nongovernmental Organisations,內政部下設的半自主機構)、內部安全組織(Internal Security Organisation)和烏干達警察部隊(Uganda Police Force),但無一回覆。



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