Myanmar has defied international calls to investigate military atrocities and crimes against humanity committed against ethnic Rohingya, including mass killings, sexual violence, and widespread arson. Under Aung San Suu Kyi’s leadership, the government has been unwilling to address the root causes of the crisis, including systematic persecution and violence, statelessness, and military impunity. Fighting between the military and Arakan Army in Rakhine State has intensified, causing mass displacement among Chin and ethnic Rakhine communities and renewed reports of rights abuses. The military remains the country’s most powerful institution, with control of key ministries and autonomy from civilian oversight. Restrictions on free speech have grown, including prosecutions of journalists, activists, and social media users.


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