Morocco/Western Sahara

Although Morocco’s 2011 constitution incorporated strong human rights provisions, these reforms have not led to improved practices or the revision of repressive laws that remain in effect and continue to be enforced. The police occasionally violently disperse peaceful protests. Courts convict and sentence to prison terms street protesters and dissidents following unfair trials.  Laws that criminalize acts deemed harmful to the king, the monarchy, Islam, or Morocco’s claim over Western Sahara limit the rights to peaceful expression, assembly, and association. More positively, Morocco has reformed its policies on migrants and has granted temporary legal status to hundreds of refugees and thousands of other foreigners, most of them sub-Saharan Africans.