Human rights conditions in Iraq have crumbled as militias, government forces and “popular mobilization committees” intensified their fight against the extremist group Islamic State (also known as ISIS), along with air strikes from an international coalition. The fighting has displaced hundreds of thousands, leaving Iraq with more than 2 million internally displaced persons. ISIS has committed numerous atrocities, including suicide attacks in civilian areas, summary executions, sexual assault and forced marriage, and the killings of religious and ethnic minorities. Iraqi security forces, militias and popular mobilization committees continue to carry out attacks on civilians, including massacres, kidnapping and summary executions with impunity; and are responsible for arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances, and torture.