A Chechen woman who fled fighting in Grozny now lives as a refugee in Georgia. Her son was wounded during bombing attacks.

© 2002 Stanley Greene/NOOR

In over 170 judgments handed down since 2005, the European Court of Human Rights has found Russia responsible for serious human rights abuses in Chechnya, including executions, torture, and enforced disappearances. In nearly every ruling, the court criticized the Rusian government's failure to properly investigate these crimes. Following the court's ruling, Russia is obligated to implement the judgments, including by paying monetary compensation, and taking other measures, such as ensuring effective investigations, and preventing similar violations from recurring.

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