• In the months following the ouster of President Morsy, police used excessive lethal force, killing scores of protesters, and arrested many Brotherhood supporters. Prosecutors failed to investigate security forces for the killing of the hundreds of protesters, yet were quick to refer protesters to trial on violence-related charges. The police arrested protesters outside the presidential palace and elsewhere and illegally held hundreds, including children, in Central Security Forces camps where they subjected dozens to torture, including sexual abuse. There is no law criminalizing domestic violence specifically. Other forms of violence against women, including child marriage and female genital mutilation continued to take place in some areas, despite laws prohibiting them.
  • Egyptian authorities have referred hundreds of civilians to military courts based on an October 2014 decree by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. At least 820 civilians have been referred to military prosecutors in the past six weeks based on the unprecedented extension of military court authority, according to news reports compiled by Human Rights Watch.

Reports

Egypt

  • Dec 18, 2014
    Egyptian authorities have referred hundreds of civilians to military courts based on an October 2014 decree by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. At least 820 civilians have been referred to military prosecutors in the past six weeks based on the unprecedented extension of military court authority, according to news reports compiled by Human Rights Watch.
  • Dec 10, 2014
  • Dec 3, 2014
    An Egyptian criminal court handed down provisional death sentences against 188 defendants on December 2, 2014, the third such mass sentencing this year.
  • Dec 1, 2014
  • Nov 27, 2014
    Egyptian authorities need to take clear action to end the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) following the country’s first trial on the crime ending in acquittals, Human Rights Watch said today.
  • Nov 24, 2014
    I write to urge the Canadian government to speak out more forcefully on behalf of Mohamed Fahmy, a dual Canadian-Egyptian citizen and an employee of the Al Jazeera English television network who, as you will know, has been jailed in Egypt since December 29, 2013, on charges that stem solely from his work as a journalist.
  • Nov 17, 2014
    An October 27 decree by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi of Egypt vastly extended the reach of the country’s military courts and risks militarizing the prosecution of protesters and other government opponents.
  • Nov 6, 2014
    We write today to urge more robust engagement by your administration on the Egyptian government’s current efforts to target independent nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and likely shut down organizations that do not register under a highly restrictive 2002 law. By all accounts, this effort may well end most independent civil society work in the country.
  • Nov 4, 2014
    Egypt’s allies should use the country’s November 5, 2014 review at the UN Human Rights Council to condemn the most dramatic reversal of human rights in Egypt’s modern history under President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
  • Oct 26, 2014
    A Cairo court of minor offenses handed down three-year sentences to 23 people for breaking an anti-protest law that allows Egyptian authorities broad powers to ban or disperse most public demonstrations. One of those sentenced on October 20, 2014, Yara Sallam, is a researcher with the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, one of the country’s leading human rights organizations. The court also fined the defendants 10,000 EGP (US$1,400) each.