- Are there investigations being conducted into 1) the over 52 allegations of serious ill-treatment and torture lodged by detainees in Şırnak T Type prison, and 2) the allegations of ill-treatment and torture in Silopi and Silvan Human Rights Watch publicly documented on September 2 and December 22, 2015?
- What steps have been taken by the relevant public prosecutors to interview those who have lodged complaints and to examine any medical reports prepared about them or any other witnesses with a view to probing these allegations? What steps have been taken to interview members of the security forces (the police and gendarmerie, police special teams and gendarmerie special teams and their commanding officers) on duty at the relevant times in the above-mentioned towns?
- Were there safeguards against ill treatment, including 1) access to an independent doctor and medical examinations before and after detention and interrogation 2) access to legal counsel of their own choosing without interference by police or other officials observed? What evidence is there that these safeguards were implemented as intended?
- Have any disciplinary investigations against the police and gendarmerie been initiated following these allegations?
- Would the government grant Human Rights Watch access, at the first available opportunity, to interview, individually and in private, remand prisoners in Şırnak T Type prison who have alleged ill-treatment on apprehension in January and February 2016?
- How many complaints were lodged after the Gezi protests and what is the status of the criminal investigations into excessive use of force and ill-treatment; how many such investigations have led to prosecution and how many resulted in a decision that there is no case to answer; how many have resulted in conviction and what have the penalties been? How many of those convicted received a suspended sentence or a fine? Similar questions should be asked about the number of disciplinary investigations to date and the outcomes and nature of the penalties or sanctions.
- What is the state of the investigation into the March 11, 2014 death of Berkin Elvan who died after 269 days in a coma after police shot him in the head with a teargas canister on June 16, 2013 in the context of the Istanbul Gezi protests?
- In view of concerns that the proposed Human Rights and Equality Board of Turkey is closely tied to the executive, how does the Turkish government envisage that it will be able to perform the function of National Preventative Mechanism in adherence to the principles laid out in the OpCAT?
- Review as a matter of priority all on-going security operations to ensure that security forces comply with the absolute ban on torture under international law and as articulated in the Convention, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights and in Turkey’s own laws;
- Show firm political commitment at the highest level of the government and presidency to eradicate torture and publicly commit to and enforce a zero tolerance policy and reign in security forces who commit the crime and public officials who fail to prevent it;
- Ensure effective investigations, of both criminal and administrative nature, of all allegations of ill treatment, that are capable of leading to the identification and prosecution of offenders;
- Establish a National Preventative Mechanism fully adhering to the principles laid out in the Optional Protocol to the Convention
- Urgently lift restrictions on access to places of detention by representatives of independent non govermental organizations, medical professionals, and members of local bar assocations.
- Ensure that all video and audio recording devices, whether from armored personnel carriers employed during security operations, or from police stations during all interviews with suspects in custody, and in all locations in police stations, are operational at all times, cannot be tampered with or erased, and are promptly and routinely made available to public prosecutors for purposes of investigation of allegations of human rights violations.
- Ensure that prosecutors investigate the responsibility of commanding officers where law enforcement officials are alleged to have perpetrated acts of ill-treatment including torture. Commanding officers who know or should have known of such acts, and who fail to take action to prevent and punish them, should be included in prosecutors’ investigation and, where appropriate, face sanctions.
- Ensure that effective and meaningful disciplinary sanctions alongside criminal sanctions are imposed on law enforcement officials who commit human rights violations.
- Ensure that commanding officers who know or should have known of such acts, and who fail to take action to prevent and punish them also face disciplinary sanctions.
- Suspend from active duty officers under investigation for torture and other ill-treatment and ensure their dismissal if convicted.
- Make the Forensic Medical Institute both functionally and formally independent from the Ministry of Justice.
- Repeal articles of April 2015 Domestic Security Law (“Law changing various articles of the Law on the Powers and Duties of the Police and of the Law on the Gendarmerie, its duties and powers, and in Statutory Decrees,” no. 6638) which give the police new powers to use lethal force against demonstrators and to search and to detain people they suspect of posing a threat to public order, both without judicial oversight.
- Repeal the provision in the Anti-Terror Law to restrict the right of a detainee in police custody suspected of terrorism offenses to legal counsel for the first 24 hours at the request of a prosecutor and on the decision of a judge.
- Revise appendix article 2 of the Anti-Terror Law, and article 4 of the Law on the Powers and Duties of the Police, to ensure that the use of force by law enforcement officials is compatible with relevant international standards that provide that lethal force be used as a last resort where necessary in order to protect life.
- Revise Law 4483 on the Trials of Civil Servants and other public officials, and take any other necessary legislative measures to ensure that civil servants, including police and other law enforcement officers of all ranks, can be prosecuted without administrative authorization for all serious crimes or abuse of power.
 For a general summary of the deterioration in human rights in Turkey, see Human Rights Watch World Report 2016 chapter on Turkey, January 2016: https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2016/country-chapters/turkey
 “Turkey Security Bill Undermines Rights,” Human Rights Watch news release, December 11, 2014: https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/12/11/turkey-security-bill-undermines-rights and “Is Turkey Just Copying the EU in Increasing Police Powers?”, Hurriyet Daily News op-ed: https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/02/16/turkey-just-copying-eu-increasing-police-powers
 Human Rights Watch documented in detail cases of torture or ill-treatment in Silopi in research published September 2, 2015; see “Turkey: Beaten and Threatened With Death”: https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/09/02/turkey-beaten-threatened-death-police and in Silvan in research published December 22, 2015; see “Turkey: Mounting Security Operation Deaths,”: https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/12/22/turkey-mounting-security-operation-deaths (final paragraph).
 “Turkey: End Police Violence at Protests,” Human Rights Watch news release, June 1, 2013: https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/06/01/turkey-end-police-violence-protests and “Why Banning May Day in Taksim Doesn’t Work,” Human Rights Watch dispatch, May 1, 2014: https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/05/01/dispatches-why-banning-may-day-taksim-doesnt-work
 “Turkey: End Incorrect and Unlawful Use of Teargas,” Human Rights Watch report, July 16, 2013: https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/07/16/turkey-end-incorrect-unlawful-use-teargas
 “Justice for Berkin Elvan,” Human Rights Watch dispatch, March 11, 2014: https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/11/dispatches-turkey-justice-berkin-elvan
 “Turkey: Time for Justice: Ending Impunity for Killings and Disappearances in 1990s Turkey,” Human Rights Watch report, September 4, 2012: https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/turkey0912ForUpload.pdf
 “Turkey: No Answers for Kurdish Victims,” Human Rights Watch news release, November 5, 2015: https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/11/05/turkey-no-answers-kurdish-victims