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 March 3, 2004

Congolese government refers the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the ICC. 

June 21, 2004

ICC prosecutor decides to open an investigation in the DRC.

March 19, 2005

Thomas Lubanga Dyilo is arrested on non-ICC-related charges and detained in Kinshasa, DRC.

February 10, 2006

Pre-Trial Chamber I issues an arrest warrant under seal against Lubanga.

March 17, 2006

Lubanga is surrendered to the ICC.

November 9-28, 2006

Pre-Trial Chamber I holds hearing to confirm charges against Lubanga; four victims are authorized to participate.

January 29, 2007

Pre-Trial Chamber I confirms the charges against Lubanga and sends case to trial.

June 13, 2008

Trial Chamber I halts indefinitely the proceedings due to a failure by the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) to disclose exculpatory material.

November 18, 2008

Trial Chamber I decides to resume proceedings after problems with disclosure of evidence to Lubanga have been resolved.

 January 26, 2009

Lubanga trial commences; 93 victims are authorized to participate.  

January 28-July 14, 2009

ICC prosecutor presents its case; calls 25 witnesses.

May 22, 2009

Victim participantsfile an application claiming that existing evidence presented by the prosecution warrants the addition of charges of sexual slavery and cruel and inhuman treatment, notably against girl child soldiers.

July 14,  2009

A majority of judges in Trial Chamber I rule that additional charges should be added. The decision is appealed. In October, Trial Chamber I decides to suspend the trial pending resolution of this issue.

December 8, 2009

Appeals Chamber reverses trial chamber’s decision to add charges.

January 7, 2010

Trial recommences with the hearing of two expert witnesses called by the chamber and testimony of three victim participants.


January 27, 2010 –April 15, 2011

Lubanga’s defense presents its case; calls 20 witnesses.

July 8, 2010

Trial Chamber I orders proceedings stopped a second time  because of prosecution’s failure to disclose the name of one of its intermediaries to the defense.

October 8, 2010

Appeals Chamber reverses the decision to stay proceedings.

December 10, 2010

Lubanga’s defense requests that the case be thrown out, arguing that the Office of the Prosecutor engaged in an “abuse of the process” that affected Lubanga’s right to a fair trial.

February 23, 2011

Trial Chamber I rejects the defense application to halt the Lubanga trial.

May 20, 2011

Evidence phase in the Lubanga trial is officially over.

August 25/26, 2011

Hearing of the parties’ final oral submissions; 123 victims are authorized to participate.

March 14, 2012

Delivery of the verdict. Lubanga is found guilty of the crimes of conscripting and enlisting children under the age of 15 and using them to participate actively in hostilities.

June 13, 2012

The Trial Chamber holds a sentencing hearing at which all parties make statements.

July 10, 2012

Lubanga is sentenced to 14 years imprisonment, with the period from March 2006 to July 2012 deducted from his sentence.

August 7, 2012

Trial Chamber I issues its decision on the principles and procedures to be followed during the reparations process.

October 3, 2012

Lubanga’s defense appeals both Lubanga’s Judgment and his sentence. The Prosecutor also appeals, seeking a longer sentence.

December 1, 2014

The Appeals Chamber upholds Lubanga’s conviction and his sentence, rejecting both the defense and the Prosecution’s appeals.

November 3, 2015

The Trust Fund for Victims submits its draft implementation plan for reparations.

October 21, 2016

The Trial Chamber II approves the Trust Fund for Victims’ plan for symbolic collective reparations.

April 6, 2017

The Trial Chamber II approves the Trust Fund For Victims’ framework for collective service-based reparations.

December 21, 2017

The Appeals Chamber sets Lubanga’s liability for reparations at US$10,000,000.


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