Amos Toh is senior researcher, artificial intelligence and human rights, at Human Rights Watch. He leads the organization’s efforts to document the impact of AI and other data-driven technologies on poverty and inequality. His areas of focus include the digitization and automation of welfare and social protection services, the labor conditions experienced by on-demand workers in the gig economy, and the use of AI for surveillance and social control (such as facial and affect recognition). He also coordinates the organization’s efforts to develop rights-based approaches to AI governance.
Before joining HRW, Amos served as legal advisor to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression and was a clinical teaching fellow at the University of California (Irvine) School of Law. Between 2012 and 2015, Amos was Counsel and Katz Fellow at the Brennan Center of Justice. Amos is a graduate of New York University School of Law and the National University of Singapore School of Law.