Amos Toh

Senior Researcher, Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights, Technology and Human Rights
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Amos Toh is senior researcher, artificial intelligence and human rights, at Human Rights Watch. He leads the organization’s efforts to document the impact of AI and other data-driven technologies on poverty and inequality. His areas of focus include the digitization and automation of welfare and social protection services, and the algorithmic exploitation of on-demand workers in the gig economy. He also coordinates the organization’s efforts to develop rights-based approaches to AI governance.  

Before joining HRW, Amos served as legal advisor to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression and was a clinical teaching fellow at the University of California (Irvine) School of Law. Between 2012 and 2015, Amos was Counsel and Katz Fellow at the Brennan Center of Justice. Amos is a graduate of New York University School of Law and the National University of Singapore School of Law.

Reports Authored

  • How The World Bank’s Push to Allocate Cash Assistance Using Algorithms Threatens Rights

  • How the Tech-Driven Overhaul of the UK’s Social Security System Worsens Poverty

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