The Rohingya have faced decades of discrimination and repression under successive Myanmar authorities. Effectively denied citizenship under the 1982 Citizenship Law, they are one of the largest stateless populations in the world. 

About one million Rohingya are currently living in overcrowded camps in Bangladesh, most of whom fled Myanmar in 2017 to escape the military’s crimes against humanity and possible genocide. 

The estimated 600,000 Rohingya who remain in Rakhine State are subject to persecution and violence, confined to camps and villages without freedom of movement, and cut off from access to adequate food, health care, education, and livelihoods.