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各界联名致函中国国家主席胡锦涛要求释放刘晓波

 

2008年12 月23 日

中华人民共和国主席胡锦涛

北京市西城区中南海

尊敬的胡锦涛主席:

       我们是来自世界各地的学者、作家、法律界人士和人权工作者。 我们特此给您写信,是为了表达我们对遭受任意羁押的文学批评家、原北京师范大学中文系讲师刘晓波先生的极度关切。

       刘晓波先生是享誉海内外的一位倍受尊崇的学者文人。12月8日夜晚,他被警察从北京的家中带走。警察随后对他家进行了几个小时的搜查,抄走了他的电脑、手机、书籍和他的大部分作品。

       至今为止,警方还没有给出羁押刘先生的任何法律依据。警察机关未能在中国法律规定的时限内通知刘先生的家属或律师他被羁押的地点和理由。这是明显的违法执法。

       由于刘先生的被羁押发生在"零八宪章"公布前夜,又由于警方在羁押刘先生的同时,也传唤或训问了其他几位"零八宪章"的联署人,我们推测刘先生被羁押仅仅是因为他行使了中国宪法及国际法所保障的表达言论的自由,因为《零八宪章》不外乎倡导和平推动中国的人权保护和民主进程。

      刘先生的活动从来都是和平和依法的。尽管他曾经两度因写文章批评中国政府被任意关押数年,但他从来没有被判定为有罪。近年来,刘先生针砭中国时弊、推动人权民主的文章广泛传播,刘先生的声誉也由此日渐增长。刘先生历来反对诉诸暴力。在他的文章中,刘先生赞扬过修改中国宪法中的有关条款以保护和尊重人权和财产权,他也多次认可中国公民社会的发展。

       我们注意到,作为中华人民共和国的主席,您自己经常承诺要加强中国的法制建设。最近,您强调: "我们所要建设的社会主义和谐社会,应该是民主法治、公平正义 ... 的社会。"因此,我们敦促您信守自己对保障中国公民表达他们对公共事务意见的权利的承诺。

       要让国际社会认真看待中国经常提到的对人权和法治的承诺,要让中国公民相信中国的司法机关能合理地伸张他们的冤怨、找到合理的解决方案,中国最高领导人的当务之急就是要确保没有人仅仅因为他们和平地表达观点而被关押和骚扰。

       同样重要的是,中国各级司法机关要停止使用"煽动颠覆国家政权罪"的法律条款来迫害像刘晓波这样的通过和平方式提出批评建议的异见者,并立即无条件释放刘晓波。

Edoardo Albinati

Writer

Italy

Elisabeth Allès

Director, Centre d'études sur la Chine Moderne et Contemporaine (Centre for the Study of Modern and Contemporary China)

École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

France

Vincenzo Balzani

Professor, Department of Chemistry

University of Bologna

Italy

Geremie R. Barmé

Federation Fellow, College of Asian & Pacific Studies

Australian National University

Australia

Robbie Barnett

Professor of Tibetan Studies

Columbia University

USA

Richard Baum
Professor of Political Sciences
University of California in Los Angeles

USA

Jean-Philippe Béja
Senior Researcher, CNRS/CERI Paris, CEFC

Hong Kong

 

Robert Benewick

Emeritus Professor of Politics

University of Sussex

UK

Gregor Benton

Professor of Chinese History and Archeology

Cardiff University

Wales, UK

Bernard Bernier

Professor, Department of Anthropology

Université de Montréal

Canada

Robert Bernstein

Founding Chair, Human Rights Watch

USA

Thomas P. Bernstein

Professor Emeritus, Political Science

Columbia University

USA

Igor Blazevic

Director, One World Human Rights Film Festival

Czech Republic

Board of International Pen

Jiri Grusa, President, International PEN

Eugene Schoulgin, International Secretary, International PEN

Cecilia Balcazar, Board Member

Mike Butscher, Board Member

Takeaki Hori, Board Member

Eric Lax, Board Member

Yang Lian, Board Member

Mohamed Magani, Board Member

Kristin Schnider, Board Member

Karin Clark, Chair International PEN's Writers in Prison Committee

UK

 

 

 

 

Michel Bonnin

Professor, Centre d'études sur la Chine Moderne et Contemporaine (Centre for the Study of Modern and Contemporary China)

École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

France

Anna Bravo

Historian

Turin University

Italy

Alessandra Brezzi
Associate Professor
University of Urbino
Italy

Vincent Brossel

Head of Asia-Pacific Desk

Reporters Sans Frontières 

Jean-Pierre Cabestan

Professor and Head, Department of Government and International Studies

Hong Kong Baptist University

Hong Kong

Claude Cadart

Researcher (Retired)

CNRS/CERI Sciences-Po, Paris

France

William A. Callahan

Chair in International Politics

Co-Director, British Inter-University China Centre

University of Manchester

UK

Anita Chan
Visiting Research Fellow, Contemporary China Centre
Australian National University
Australia

Gordon G. Chang

Writer

USA

 

Kristen Cheney

Assistant Professor of Anthropology
University of Dayton

USA

 

Joseph Cheng
Professor of Political Sciences, City University

Hong Kong

 

Cheng Yingxiang

Researcher (Retired)

CNRS/CERI Sciences-Po, Paris

France

Leïla Choukroune

Assistant Professor of Law

HEC Paris School of Management

France

 

Martin Chung

Lecturer, School of Arts, Letters and Sciences

Macao Inter-University Institute

Macao

Marcello Cini

Physicist

Professor Emeritus

La Sapienza University, Rome

Italy

Jerome A. Cohen

NYU School of Law

USA

Patrizia Dado

Associate Professor of Chinese Modern and Contemporary Literature

Faculty of Oriental Studies

La Sapienza University, Rome

Italy

Gloria Davies

Convenor of Chinese Studies

Monash University

Australia

 

Michael C. Davis

Professor of Law

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Sara L.M. Davis

Executive director

Asia Catalyst

USA

 

Bob Dietz

Asia Program Coordinator

Committee to Protect Journalists

USA

 

Jean-Luc Domenach

Senior Researcher

CERI-Sciences-Po (Institute of Political Sciences), Paris

France

Michael W. Dowdle

Faculty of Law

National University of Singapore

Singapore

June Teufel Dreyer

Professor, Department of Political Science

University of Miami

USA

Ryan Dunch

Associate Professor, History and Classics

University of Alberta

Canada

 

Umberto Eco

Professor of Semiology

University of Bologna

Italy

Richard Louis Edmonds

Visiting Professor in the Committee on Geographical Studies

Center for East Asian Studies

University of Chicago

USA

Fang Lizhi

Professor of Physics

University of Arizona

USA

Feng Chongyi

Deputy Director, China Research Centre

University of Technology, Sydney

Australia

 

Ernesto Ferrero

Writer, Director of the International Book Fair of Turin

Italy

Eric Florence

Researcher, Centre for Ethnic and Migration Studies

University of Liege

Belgium

 

Marcello Flores

Professor, Comparative History

University of Siena

Italy

Christine Fréchette
Coordonnatrice
Chaire d'études politiques et économiques américaines (CÉPÉA)
Montréal, Canada

 

Edward Friedman

Professor, Political Science

University of Wisconsin     

USA

Matilde Callari Galli

Department Chair, Educational Sciences

University of Bologna

Italy

Anna Maria Gentili

Department of Politics, Institutions and History

Alma Mater Studiorum

University of Bologna

Italy

Carlo Ginzburg

Professor

Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa

Italy

 

Andre Glucksmann

Philosopher

France

Merle Goldman

Professor Emerita

Boston University

USA

Richard J. Goldstone

Former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa.
Learned Hand Visiting Professor of Law

Harvard Law School

USA

Nadine Gordimer

Nobel Laureate in Literature

South Africa

 

Lars Grahn

Book publisher, retired

Sweden

Andrea Graziosi
Professor, Contemporary History
Federico II University, Naples

Italy

Giles Gunn
Professor and Chair, Global and International Studies
University of California, Santa Barbara

USA

Tyrell Haberkorn
Peace and Conflict Studies Program
Colgate University
USA

Carol Hayman

Professor of Anthropology

Austin Community College

USA

Seamus Heaney

Nobel Laureate in Literature

Ireland

Donald Holzman

Professor Emeritus

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

Paris

France

Marie Holzman

Writer and sinologist

France

Sharon Hom

Executive Director

Human Rights in China

USA

Jean-François Huchet

Director

French Center for Research on Contemporary China

Hong Kong

 

Bruce Jacobs

Professor Asian Languages

Monash University

Australia

 

Jean-François Julliard

Secretary General

Reporters Sans Frontières

France

Lucina Kathmann

International Vice-President, International PEN

Novelist and essayist

Mexico

Willem E.C. Van Kemenade
Visiting Senior Fellow
Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael)
The Hague, The Netherlands

Wendy Keys

Filmmaker

USA

Hari Kunzru

Writer

UK

Jeri Laber

Consultant to the Association of American Publishers

USA

Andre Laliberte
Associate Professor, School of Political Studies
University of Ottawa
Canada

Willy Lam

Professor

Akita International University

Japan

Alessandra Lavagnino

Professor of Chinese Language and Culture

University of Milan

Italy

 

 

 

Marc Lazar
Professor
Sciences-Po Paris (Institute of Political Science), Paris
Luiss University, Rome

Italy

 

Joanne Leedom-Ackerman

Vice President International PEN

USA

Steven I. Levine

Associate Director, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center

University of Montana

USA

Xiaorong Li

Senior researcher, Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy

University of Maryland

USA

Lin Xiling

Former Rightist

France

Perry Link
Chancellorial Chair for Innovation in Teaching Across Disciplines

University of California, Riverside

USA

Dimon Liu

Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow, The Council of Independent Colleges

USA

Stanley Lubman
Lecturer in Residence
University of California, Berkeley, School of Law

USA

Richard Madsen

Professor of Sociology

University of California, San Diego

USA

Alessandro Marzo Magno

Writer

Italy

 

 

Victor H. Mair

Professor Chinese Language and Literature

University of Pennsylvania

USA

James Mann

Author-in-residence

Johns Hopkins, School of Advanced International Studies
USA

Barrett L. McCormick

Professor, Political Science Department

Marquette University

USA

Françoise Mengin

Senior Researcher

CERI-Sciences-Po (Institute of Political Sciences), Paris

France

Alice Lyman Miller
Research fellow, Hoover Institution
Stanford University

USA

Andrew Miller

Senior Editor, Alfred A. Knopf

USA

Marina Miranda

Associate Professor

History of contemporary China

La Sapienza University. Rome

Italy

Olivier Mongin

Directeur de la revue Esprit

France

Marc-Olivier Padis

Rédacteur en chef de la revue Esprit

France

Ronald N. Montaperto 

Consultant on Asian Affairs

North Carolina, USA

Robin Munro
Research Associate, Law Dept, SOAS

UK

Andrew J. Nathan
Class of 1919 Professor of Political Science
Columbia University

USA

Barry Naughton

Professor

Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies

University of California, San Diego

USA

Valerie Niquet

Director, Asia Centre

French Institute of International Relations (IFRI)

France

Giorgio Parisi

Professor of Theoretical Physics

La Sapienza University, Rome

Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)

Italy

Enrico Parlato
Associate Professor
La Tuscia University
Italy

Pia Pera

Writer

Italy

Martyne Perrot

Researcher

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris

France

Roberta Pierobon

Attorney

Italy

Eva Pils

Assistant Professor

Hong Kong

 

Anemone Platz

Associate Professor, Asian Section

Aarhus University

Denmark

 

Karoline Postel-Vinay

Senior Researcher

CERI-Sciences-PO (Institute of Political Sciences), Paris

France

Benjamin L. Read

Assistant Professor

Politics Department

University of California, Santa Cruz

USA

Maria Rita Masci,

Literary translator

Italy

Arthur Rosenbaum

Associate Professor of History

Claremont McKenna College

USA

 

Kenneth Roth
Executive Director
Human Rights Watch

USA

Elisa Rotino

Lecturer in History and Civilization of Far East

Università L'Orientale, Naples

Italy

Salman Rushdie

Author

USA

Victoria Sanford

Associate Professor of Anthropology

Lehman College and The Graduate Center

City University of New York

USA

Éric Sautedé

Lecturer

School of Management, Leadership and Government

Macao Inter-University Institute

Macao

Patricia Scott Schroeder

President and CEO, Association of American Publishers

USA

Jonathan Schwartz

 Associate Professor of Political Science, Director of Asian Studies

 State University of New York, New Paltz

USA

James C. Scott

Sterling Professor of Political Science and Anthropology

Yale University

USA

Jacques Seurre

Sinologist

Agence France Presse

France

James Seymour

Honorary Senior Research Fellow

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Tsering Shakya

Canadian Research Chair on Religion and Contemporary Society in Asia

Institute of Asian Research University of British Columbia

Canada

Satoru Shinomiya

Professor of Law

Waseda Law School

Japan

Susan L. Shirk

University of California, San Diego

USA

Joel Simon

Executive Director

Committee to Protect Journalists

USA

Gianni Sofri

Professor

Università di Bologna

Italy

Dorothy J. Solinger

Professor, Political Science

University of California, Irvine

USA

Yongyi Song

Associate Professor/Librarian

California State University

USA

Wole Soyinka

Nobel Laureate in Literature

Nigeria

Elliot Sperling

Indiana University

USA

Leslie E. Sponsel
Professor of Anthropology 
University of Hawai`i at Manoa
USA

Christine Stufferin

President, Alex Langer Foundation

Italy

Su Xiaokang

Chinese writer in exile

USA

 

Frederick C. Teiwes

Emeritus Professor of Chinese Politics

University of Sydney

Australia

 

Stig Thogersen

Professor of China Studies

Aarhus Universtity

Denmark

Emilie Tran

Visiting Professor

University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong

Steve Tsang

Reader in Politics, Oxford University

UK

Toshiro Ueyanagi

Professor of Law

Waseda Law School

Japan

Jonathan Unger

Professor and Head Contemporary China Centre

Australian National University

Australia

Peter Van Ness

Contemporary China Centre and Department of International Relations Research School of Pacific & Asian Studies

Australian National University

Australia

Sebastian Veg

Researcher

CEFC (French Centre of Research on Contemporary China)

Hong Kong

 

Sandro Veronesi

Writer

Italy

Wan Yanhai

Director

Beijing Aizhixing Institute

China

 

Jeffrey Wasserstrom

Professor of History

University of California, Irvine

USA

 

Martin K. Whyte

Department of Sociology

Harvard University

USA

Calla Wiemer

Visiting Scholar

Center for Chinese Studies

University of California, Los Angeles

USA                                        

Leon Wieseltier
Literary editor, The New Republic
USA

Leroy B. Williams

Professor of History and Political Science

Harvard University

USA

 

Richard A. Wilson

Gladstein Distinguished Chair in Human Rights

Director Human Rights Institute

University of Connecticut

USA

Wendy Wolf
Editorial director, nonfiction
Viking Penguin

USA

 

Dr. Guoguang Wu

Chair in China and Asia-Pacific Relations Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives

University of Victoria

Canada

Yu Maochun

Professor of East Asia and Military History

United States Naval Academy 

USA

Francesco Zamponi
Researcher CNRS
Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris
France

Sam Zarifi
Director, Asia-Pacific Region
Amnesty International

UK

Kate Zhou

Associate Professor of Political Science

University of Hawaii

USA

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