Algerian authorities continue to arrest and imprison peaceful activists, human rights defenders, and journalists for their critical expression. Some of them face terrorism-related charges based on an overbroad definition of terrorism. The authorities have dubiously labeled two political opposition groups, the Rachad Movement, and the Movement for the Self-Determination of the Kabylie region (MAK) as “terrorist organizations” in May 2021. The crackdown on opposition parties, independent civil society organizations and media outlets connected to the “Hirak” pro-reform protest movement has intensified since president Abdelmadjid Tebboune was elected in 2019. Between June 2022 and April 2023, the authorities dissolved two prominent organizations, the Algerian League for the Defense of Human Rights (LADDH) and Rassemblement Action Jeunesse (RAJ) as well as two media outlets, Radio M and Maghreb Emergent.

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