"All the Men Have Gone": War Crimes in Kenya's Mt. Elgon Conflict

“All the Men Have Gone”

War Crimes in Kenya’s Mt. Elgon Conflict

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Map of Mt. Elgon, Kenya




To the government of Kenya

To the Sabaot Land Defence Force (SLDF)

To the governments of the US and UK


Land Disputes

Corruption and Politics: The Origins and Objectives of the SLDF

Command Responsibility within the SLDF

Other Militia in the Area

Abuses by the Sabaot Land Defence Force (SLDF)

Scale and Scope of SLDF Atrocities

Deliberate Killings and Abductions of Civilians

Mutilation and Inhumane Treatment

Rape and Sexual Violence

Destruction of Property, Theft of Land, and Livestock

Violent Politics and the Role of the SLDF in the 2007 General Election

Violations by Kenyan Security Forces

Too Much, Too Late

Unlawful Killings and Enforced Disappearances

Dumping of Bodies

Arbitrary Arrest and Detention, and Torture

Rape and Sexual Violence

Destruction of Property

Who is Responsible?

Applicable Law

International Human Rights Law

International Humanitarian Law

The Response of the Kenyan Government


Humanitarian Access to Detainees

Harassment of Human Rights Defenders

The Role of Kenya’s Foreign Partners



July 2008    ISBN: 1-56432-363-3