At least eighteen million children live or work on the streets of India, laboring as porters in railway stations or bus terminals, as rag pickers, and as vendors of food, tea, or handmade articles. These street children are routinely subjected to arbitrary and illegal detention, torture, and extortion, and on occasion, murder at the hands of police who engage in these violations of international and Indian law with impunity. Based on interviews with more than one hundred children during a one-month investigation in India, this report details police abuse and killings of street children in Bangalore, Bombay, Madras, New Delhi, and the state of Andhra Pradesh. Human Rights Watch calls on the Indian government to put an immediate end to police violence against street children, to prosecute the police concerned, to implement the recommendations of the National Police Commission, to ratify the United Nations Convention against Torture, and to invite the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture and the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention to India to investigate police mistreatment of street children.