Integrating Estonia's Non-Citizen Minority

The Republic of Estonia is home to 1,565,000 people, according to the last census conducted in 1989. In that census 61.5 percent (963,000) identified themselves as Estonian; 30.3 percent (475,000) as Russian; 3.1 percent as Ukrainian (48,000); and 1.8 percent as Belorussians (28,000).4 Other groups include Finns, Jews, Latvians, and Tatars. The Estonians are a Finno-Ugric people and share linguistic and cultural affinity most closely with the Finns and the many Finno-Ugric peoples of the former Soviet Union.5