September 2005
A Tashkent court orders the International Research and Exchanges Board, a U.S.-based NGO that promotes civil society, to suspend activities in Uzbekistan for six months.
Eleven Uzbek refugees are evacuated from Kyrgyzstan to London, and are laterresettled in several European countries.
The first Andijan trial begins at Uzbekistan’s Supreme Court, with 15 people charged with more than 30 crimes under the Uzbek criminal code, including membership in an extremist organization, murder, and terrorism. The trial is open to observers.


October 2005
The E.U. partially suspends its political and trade relationship with Uzbekistan and imposes sanctions on Uzbekistan, including an arms embargo and a visa ban for high-ranking Uzbek officials.
Police arrest Mutabar Tojibaeva, a human rights defender from the Fergana Valley and outspoken critic of the Andijan massacre, on the eve of her trip abroad to participate in an international human rights conference.
The Internews Network, a leading international media development organization, is forced to close its Uzbekistan office following government charges of producing videos and other materials without the necessary licenses.
Mahbuba Zokirova, a witness to the Andijan massacre, takes the stand at the Andijan trial and becomes the only witness to contradict the government’s version of events. She paints a harrowing picture of the government’s use of force in Andijan.
Norboi Kholjigitov, active with the Samarkand branch of the Human Rights Organization of Uzbekistan, is sentenced to 10 years in prison for extortion and slander.
Sanjar Umarov, head of the opposition political group Sunshine Coalition, is arrested on charges of extortion, embezzlement and theft.
The BBC World Service office in Tashkent suspends its work due to Uzbek government pressure.

Portraits of human rights defenders from Uzbekistan.