July 12, 2008

Courting History

The Landmark International Criminal Court's First Years

ICC Organizational Chart
A. Introduction
B. Methodology
I. Chambers
A. Overview..
B. The Presidency: Coordination key to court's success
C. Pre-trial division: Uncharted waters
1. First decisions steer ICC's course
2. Navigating intersecting roles
D. Maintaining judicial dialogue key to meeting challenges ahead
II. Office of the Prosecutor
A. Overview..
1. The structure of the Office of the Prosecutor
2. Significant progress in the face of enormous challenges
3. Advancing key policies: The interplay of peace and justice and state cooperation
4. The importance of outreach and communications: An overview..
B. The Office of the Prosecutor's selection of situations
1. Situation selection: Legal requirements
2. Managing perceptions in the selection process
C. OTP investigations and the selection of cases for trial
1. Investigations
2. Selection of cases
D. The ICC's impact in the country situations under investigation
III. Defense
A. Overview..
B. Institutional support for the defense
1. Office of Public Counsel for the Defence
2. Defence Support Section
C. Ensuring quality representation for indigent defendants: The ICC's legal aid system..
1. Determining eligibility for legal aid: Calculating indigence
2. Financial assistance for eligible defendants
3. Guarding against abuse: Checks and balances in the legal aid system..
D. Monitoring the challenges ahead
IV. Field Engagement
A. Overview..
B. Field offices: Key to ICC contact with affected communities100
1. Establishment and functioning of field offices: A slow beginning101
2. Enhancing the contribution and effectiveness of field offices105
C. In situ proceedings112
D. High-level visits by ICC officials to the field114
V. Outreach and Communications116
A. Overview.. 116
B. Evolution of the ICC's approach to outreach and communications118
1. An unduly slow start118
2. Improvements in institutional support121
3. The ICC's outreach program: Gaining momentum in 2007124
C. Implementing outreach in communities most affected: Lessons learned126
1. Starting early and managing expectations126
2. Tailoring outreach: Establishing a dialogue130
3. Disseminating information effectively137
4. Additional resources needed to intensify efforts147
VI. Victim and Witness Protection and Support149
A. Overview.. 149
B. Responsibility for protection and support shared across court151
1. Victims and Witnesses Unit151
2. Office of the Prosecutor158
3. Chambers162
C. Steps required to strengthen protection and support programs166
1. Increasing protection and support for victims and intermediaries166
2. Maintaining an independent and neutral protection program.. 168
3. Flexibility in protective measures needed to address scope of protection mandate172
4. Enhancing psychological support to victims and witnesses174
5. Ensuring adequate resources for protection and support programs175
VII. The Role of Victims in ICC Proceedings177
A. Overview.. 177
B. The legal regime of victims' participation181
1. Situation phase182
2. Participation in a case186
C. Rights of victims in proceedings outside of the participation regime192
D. Implementing the victims' participation regime in practice193
1. Application procedure for victims' participation194
2. Shortcomings in the implementation of victims' rights196
E. Reparations and the Trust Fund for Victims202
1. Court-ordered reparations203
2. The TFV's assistance to victims using "other resources"204
3. More donations needed208
VIII. Cooperation and Support210
A. Overview.. 210
B. The Assembly of States Parties211
1. Strengthening ASP procedures212
2. Targeted initiatives on cooperation and support213
C. Judicial cooperation and logistical support215
1. Implementing legislation215
2. Domestic institutional arrangements216
3. Framework agreements219
4. United Nations and regional organizations221
D. Diplomatic and political support223
1. Arrest and surrender224
2. Integrating the court in the United Nations system.. 225
3. Integrating the ICC into the work of regional organizations228
Summary of Key Recommendations231
Office of the Prosecutor231
Field Engagement234
Victim and Witness Protection and Support238
Victims' Participation239
Cooperation and Support241