June 22, 2012

“Prison Is Not For Me”

Arbitrary Detention in South Sudan

Map: Prisons Visited by Human Rights Watch
Glossary
Summary
Key Recommendations
For Immediate Implementation
Methodology
I. Criminal Justice in the New Nation
Weaknesses in the Police Service
Complexities of a Plural Legal System
Prisons: The End Point
II. South Sudan’s Obligations under  International and Domestic Law
III. Gaps in the Right to Due Process
Extended Pre-Trial Detention
Absence of Effective Legal Aid
Imprisonment by Customary Courts
IV. “Prison is not for Me”
Proxy Detention
Imprisonment for Marital and Sexual Offenses
People with Mental Disabilities
Imprisonment for Debt
Children in Conflict with the Law
V. Poor Prison Conditions
Crumbling Infrastructure and Overcrowding
Lack of Proper Food and Nutrition
Dignity and Hygiene
Access to Health Care
Punishments that Amount to Torture or Ill-treatment
Prison Labor
VI. Government Initiatives and International Support
Government Initiatives
International Support
VII. Recommendations
To Strengthen South Sudan’s Human Rights Framework
To Improve Coordination among Rule of Law Actors
General Measures to Reduce Arbitrary Detention
To Address Concerns Related to Pre-trial Detention
To Improve Access to Legal Aid
To Address Concerns Related to Imprisonment by Customary Courts
To End the Practice of Proxy Detention
To Address Concerns Related to Imprisonment for Marital and Sexual Offenses
To End Imprisonment of People Due to Actual or Perceived Mental Disabilities
To End Imprisonment for Failure to Pay Debt
To Address Concerns Related to the Imprisonment of Children in  Conflict with the Law
To Improve Prison Conditions
Acknowledgments