July 25, 2010

Glossary

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), an administrative body within the Department of Justice that hears appeals from immigration courts

Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the United States federal executive department responsible for protecting the US from terrorist attacks and securing national borders

Department of Immigrant Health Services (DIHS), a division of DHS that provides health services in some immigration detention facilities

Department of Justice (DOJ), the United States federal executive department responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), an office of the Department of Justice responsible for immigration courts in the US

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), a US law allowing for the disclosure and release of information controlled by the US government

Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), created in 1952, the INA is the basic body of immigration law, governing who can enter, remain and be deported from US

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), federal law enforcement agency within the Department of Homeland Security agency responsible for the investigation and enforcement of US immigration laws

Legal permanent resident (LPR), also referred to as a “lawful permanent resident” in the Immigration and Nationality Act, a non-citizen in the US who has been officially granted the right to residence and employment in the US

Immigration Judge (IJ), a judge who adjudicates immigration cases

Notice to Appear (NTA), the charging document ordering a non-citizen to appear in immigration court and stating the alleged violations of immigration law