September 30, 2008

Recommendations

To the Ethiopian Government

· Immediatelyrelease the nine Kenyans, the Canadian, and any others who are being arbitrarily detained, orpromptly prosecute them for cognizable criminal offenses in a court that meets international fair trial standards. Ensure that detainees have access to lawyers, family members, and international humanitarian agencies.

· Disclose the identity, fate, and whereabouts of any persons rendered to Ethiopia from Kenya or Somalia since January 2007.

· Promptly open an independent judicial inquiry into the military's use of arbitrary arrest and detention, and torture and other ill-treatment of suspected insurgents.

· Provide appropriate compensation to all individuals arbitrarily detained or abused in Ethiopian custody.

To the Kenyan Government

· Take immediate steps to secure the release of the nine Kenyans arbitrarily detained in Ethiopian custody.

· Disclose the identities and last known whereabouts of all persons rendered from Kenya to Somalia or Ethiopia since January 2007.

· Repudiate the use of rendition or deportation without due process as a counterterrorism tactic.

· Promptly open an independent judicial inquiry into the role of Kenya's security forces in the arbitrary arrest, detention, and rendition of dozens of men, women, and children since January 2007.

· Formally request that the US either prosecute Guantanamo Bay detainee Mohammed Abdulmalik in a civilian court that meets international fair trial standards or promptly release and return him to Kenya.

· Provide appropriate compensation to all individuals arbitrarily detained in Kenya or unlawfully rendered to foreign custody.

To the US Government

· Disclose information about US knowledge, encouragement, or participation in the 2007 Horn of Africa renditions.

· Repudiate the use of rendition without due process as a counterterrorism tactic.

· Withhold counterterrorism and security-related funding from the Ethiopian security forces until the Ethiopian government publicly discloses the identities, fates, and whereabouts of all persons rendered by Kenya or Somalia to Ethiopian custody since January 2007.

· Withhold counterterrorism and security-related funding from the Kenyan security forces until the Kenyan government publicly discloses the identities and last known whereabouts of all persons rendered to Somalia or Ethiopia since January 2007.

· Either take immediate steps to prosecute Mohammed Abdulmalik in a civilian court that meets international fair trial standards or promptly release and return him to Kenya.

To the Somali Government

· Disclose the identities and last known whereabouts of persons rendered from Somalia to Ethiopia since January 2007.

· Repudiate the use of rendition without due process as a counterterrorism tactic.

To the Canadian Government

  • Formally request that the Ethiopian government either prosecute Bashir Makhtal in a civilian court that meets international fair trial standards or promptly release and return him to Canada.

To Other Governments

  • Refuse to cooperate in secret detention and unlawful rendition, and disclose all information about past cooperation with such efforts.