August 31, 2005

"Making Their Own Rules"

Police Beatings, Rape, and Torture of Children in Papua New Guinea

I. Summary
Key Recommendations
Methods and Scope
II. Background
Children and Crime in Papua New Guinea
Police Procedures and Children
III. Police Violence
Severe Beatings, Shootings, and Other Violence
Children's Testimonies
Rape and Sexual Abuse of Girls and Boys
Police Abuse of Especially Vulnerable Persons
Legal Standards on Torture; Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; Sexual Violence; and Police Use of Force
Collective Punishment
IV. Conditions of Detention
Conditions in Wewak, Goroka, Kokopo, and Alotau
Detention of Children with Adults
Detention of Girls
Denial of Medical Care
Legal Standards on the Detention of Children
Medical Care in Detention
V. Police Abuses and HIV/AIDS
The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Papua New Guinea
Police Actions and the Spread of HIV..
VI. Failure of Police Response
Structure of the Police Force
Problems with the Performance of Basic Duties
Causes of Ineffectiveness and Violence
Impunity for Police
The Failure of Police Training
The 2004 Administrative Review of the Police
VII. The Roles of Other Government Bodies
The Judiciary
The Ombudsman's Commission
The Office of the Public Solicitor100
Civil Claims Against the State101
Procedural Barriers to Victim's Claims102
The Failure to Deter Police Violence105
VIII. The Response of Australia and Others in the International Community106
IX. Recommendations110
Recommendations to the Government of Papua New Guinea111
Stop beatings, rape, and torture of children111
Hold police accountable for abuses111
Monitor police treatment of children113
Address police actions that promote the spread of HIV/AIDS114
Reform detention conditions114
Law reform... 115
Recommendations to Australia and Other International Donors116
Recommendations to Regional Organizations117
Appendix 1: The Raid on the Three-Mile Guesthouse, March 2004118
Appendix 2: Selected Findings and Recommendations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child122