Skip to main content

Keynote

 
Time to Abandon the Autocrats and Embrace Rights

The International Response to the Arab Spring

2011 wels saqarTveloSi adamianis uflebaTa dacvis sferoSi araerTgvarovani mdgomareoba iyo. maisSi xelisuflebam gadametebuli Zalis gamoyenebiT daSala antisamTavrobo gamosvlebi TbilisSi da saTanado samarTlebrivi procedurebis dacvis gareSe administraciuli wesiT gaasamarTla aTeulobiT demonstranti. xelisuflebas ar Cautarebia efeqtiani gamoZieba am movlenebTan dakavSirebiT da arc Zalis gadametebis adrindeli SemTxvevebi Seuswavlia. SeSfoTebis mizezs iZleva aseve Sekrebis Tavisuflebisa da mediis uflebebis SezRudvis SemTxvevebi da saxelmwifos kuTvnili Senobebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa gamosaxleba Zalis gamoyenebiT.

amerikis SeerTebulma Statebma da evrokavSirma ekonomikuri da politikuri kavSirebi gaaRrmaves saqarTvelosTan, magram TavianTi gavlenis berketebi ver gamoiyenes adamianis uflebaTa dacvis sferoSi mniSvnelovani warmatebebis misaRwevad.

Sekrebis Tavisufleba da Zaladoba policiis mxridan

saqarTvelos xelisuflebam 2011 wlis 26 maiss, iseve, rogorc gasul wlebSi, daarRvia Sekrebis ufleba. oficialurad nebadarTuli mitingis vadis amowurvidan 15 wuTSi wylis Wavli, cremlsadeni gazi da rezinis tyviebi gamoiyena antisamTavrobo demonstrantebis winaaRmdeg. policielebi daedevnen mitingis monawileebs, scemes zogierTi maTgani, isinic ki, visac maTTvis winaaRmdegoba ar gauwevia, da daakaves daaxloebiT 160 moqalaqe. policielebma xeli SeuSales, agreTve, qarTvel da ucxoel Jurnalistebs profesiuli movaleobis SesrulebaSi; daaxloebiT aT maTgans fizikuri da sityvieri Seuracxyofac miayenes da ori daapatimres. amas garda, presis zogierT warmomadgenels saidentifikacio baraTebi waarTves da aparaturac dauzianes an CamoarTves.

Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlom 26 maisis mitingze policiisadmi daumorCileblobis mizeziT 90-ze met pirs administraciuli patimroba miusaja 30 dRemde vadiT. umravles SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo mxolod policielTa Cvenebebs daeyrdno da yuradRebac ar miuqcevia braldebulebis Wrilobebisa Tu dazianebebisTvis.

Sida mokvlevis Sedegad, romelic sazogadoebisTvis daxuruli iyo, Sinagan saqameTa saministrom ivlisis TveSi 16 policiels daakisra administraciuli pasuxismgebloba da oTxi maTgani gaaTavisufla samsaxuridan mitingis monawileebis winaaRmdeg gadametebuli Zalis gamoyenebis gamo. magram xelisuflebas ar gamouZiebia policielTa mxridan cudad mopyrobis faqtebi.

is faqti, rom xelisufleba ar iZiebs saTanadod policielTa mier gadametebuli Zalis gamoyenebas, mZimdeba imiT, rom mas arc adrindeli SemTxvevebi Seuswavlia, magaliTad, Zalis gadametebiT gamoyenebisa da sxva saxis ukanonobis faqtebi 2007 wlis 7 noembris mSvidobiani aqciis darbevisas, roca sul cota 500 adamiani daSavda; an 2009 wlis 15 ivnisis movlenebi, roca policiis sammarTvelosTan Sekrebil opoziciis 50-mde momxres policilebma fizikuri Seuracxyofa miayenes da roca 17 adamiani daSavda.

administraciuli patimroba (administraciuli samarTaldarRveva)

2010 wels xelisuflebis gadawyvetilebiT administraciuli saxdelis vada 30 dRidan 90-mde gaizarda. miuxedavad imisa, rom es sasjeli bunebiT sisxlis samarTlis sasjelis ekvivalenturia, dakavebuls SezRuduli aqvs mTeli rigi procesualuri normebi. miuxedavad imisa, rom administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsi iTvaliswinebs advokatis uflebas, dakavebulebi ver sargeblobdnen am uflebiT, nawilobriv imitom, rom maT ar eZleodaT ojaxTan dakavSirebisa da maTi dakavebis Sesaxeb informirebis saSualeba. advokatebs, romlebic administraciuli samarTaldarRvevis CadenisTvis dakavebulebs icaven, arasaTanado dro aqvT (rogorc wesi, 10-15 wuTi) adeqvaturi dacvis mosamzadeblad. amas garda, braldebulebs xSirad ara aqvT sasamarTloSi mtkicebulebis warmodgenis an mowmis gamoZaxebis saSualeba. 2010 wels administraciuli samarTaldarRvevebisTvis gamotanili ganaCenis gasaCivrebis vada 10-dan or dRemde Semcirda, miuxedavad imisa, rom sasamarTlo ganxilvis oqmi mxolod 3 dReSi gaicema.

administraciuli wesiT dapatimrebuli pirebi sasjels Sinagan saqmeTa saministros droebiT moTavsebis izolatorebSi ixdian, sadac ar arsebobs Sesaferisi pirobebi imisTvis, rom adamianma 72 sT-ze meti dahyos, magaliTad, aq ar aris savarjiSo pirobebi, higienis dacvisa Tu mkurnalobis saSualeba da a.S.

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa gamosaxleba Zalis gamoyenebiT

2010 wlis ivnisidan, iZulebiTgadaadgilebul pirTa grZelvadiani dasaxlebis problemis mogvarebis mizniT, saqarTvelos xelisuflebam daiwyo saxelmwifos kuTvnili droebiTi sacxovreblebidan maTi gamosaxleba. magram xelisuflebam daarRvia gamosaxlebasTan dakavSirebiT arsebuli aRiarebuli saerTaSoriso standartebi. kerZod, man ar gamarTa realuri molaparakebebi iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirebTan, romelTa drosac SesaZlebeli iqneboda Sesaferis alternatiul sacxovrebelze SeTanxmeba an kompensaciis gacema gamosaxlebamde. saqarTvelos daaxloebiT 246 000 iZulebiT gaadagilebuli piri hyavs 1990-iani da 2008 wlebis SeiaraRebuli konfliqtebis Sedegad.

2010 wlis bolosTvis, gaeros ltolvilTa umaRlesi komisris ofisTan konsultaciebis Semdeg, saqarTvelos xelisuflebam SeimuSava gamosaxlebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi, ramac garkveulwilad gaaumjobesa es procedura, magram saerTaSoriso standartebis Sesabamisi mainc ver gaxada.

2011 wlis Tebervalsa da agvistoSi asobiT ojaxi iqna gamosaxlebuli droebiTi sacxovreblebidan, miuxedavad imisa, rom bevrma ojaxma uari ganacxada Tbilisidan Sors gadasaxlebaze imis SiSiT, rom iq samuSaos ver iSovnida.

Sromis uflebaTa darRveva

2011 wlis agvistoSi, dasavleT saqarTvelos qalaq quTaisSi, qarTul-induri kompaniis sakuTrebaSi arsebuli metalurgiuli qarxana `herkulesis~ 147-ma muSam profkavSiri daaarsa da maT warmomadgenlebic airCies. 13 seqtembers profkavSiris iniciativiT gaficva daiwyo samuSao pirobebis gaumjobesebisa da xelfasebis momatebis moTxovniT. miuxedavad imisa, rom gaficva saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis moTxovnebis dacviT mimdinareobda, 2 dRis Semdeg policiam mainc daakava qarxnis win gaficuli 12-ze meti muSa. muSebi ramdenime saaTis Semdeg gaaTavisufles, magram zogierTi maTganis ganacxadebiT, maT iZulebiT daawerenes xelwerili imis Sesaxeb, rom momavalSi saprotesto gamosvlebSi aRar miiRebdnen monawileobas.

18 seqtembers policiam profkavSiris sami wevri daakava quTaisis sxvadasxva ubanSi da daJinebiT moiTxova maTgan testis gavla narkotikebsa da alkoholze. moqalaqeebma uari ganacxades, ris gamoc isini daaptimres da policiis brZanebis daumorCilobisTvis 10 dRiani administraciuli patimroba miusajes. qarxnis TanamSromlebma es braldebebi xelisuflebis mxridan maTi daSinebis mcdelobad aRiqves.

saqarTvelos mTavrobam 2006 wels Sromis inspeqcia gaauqma biznesSi xelisuflebis Carevis SezRudvis mizniT, magram mis sanacvlod ar Seuqmnia axali uwyeba, romelic Sromis kanonmdeblobis dacvas gaakontrolebda.

pasuxismgeblobis Tavidan acileba omis dros Cadenili danaSaulebebisTvis

ruseT-saqarTvelos 2008 wlis konfliqtis Semdeg sami weli gavida da saqarTvelos xelisuflebas jer kidev ar Cautarebia srulyofili gamoZieba qveynis SeiaraRebuli Zalebis mier adamianis uflebaTa saerTaSoriso da humanitaruli samarTlis normebis darRvevis faqtebze. omis dros saqarTvelos samxedroebma gamoiyenes aradamiznebadi Zala, rogoricaa e.w. “gradebi” da sxva aradamiznebadi iaraRi, romelic ar unda gamoiyenebodes samoqalaqo obieqtebis winaaRmdeg.

sisxlis samarTlis saerTaSoriso sasamarTlo, romlis wevric saqarTveloc aris, ganagrZobs am normebis darRvevis SemTxvevaTa Seswavlas.

mediis Tavisufleba

media garemo kvlav araerTgvarovania, mravalferovani beWduri mediiT, magram SezRuduli satelevizio mauwyeblobiT qveynis masStabiT – arsebobs mxolod prosaxelisuflebo sazogadoebrivi mauwyebeli, `rusTavi 2~ da `imedi~. pozitiuri nabiji iyo parlamentis mier aprilSi kanonproeqtis miReba, romliTac samauwyeblo kompaniebs daekisraT valdebuleba, gamoaqveynon informacia mflobelebis Sesaxeb.

ivlisSi policiam ruseTisTvis saidumlo informaciis gadacemasTan dakavSirebuli jaSuSobis braldebiT daakava oTxi fotoJurnalisti – zurab qurcikiZe, evropis presfotosaagentos fotografi, giorgi abdalaZe, sagareo saqmeTa saministrosTan kontraqtis safuZvelze momuSave fotografi, irakli gedeniZe, prezident mixeil saakaSvilis piradi fotografi, da gedeniZis meuRle naTia. saqme klasificirebuli iyo rogorc `saidumlo~ da mtkicebulebebi ar gasajaroebula. sxvadasxva adgilobrivi da saerTaSoriso jgufebi am braldebebs politikurad motivirebulad miiCnevdnen, savaraudod, 26 maisis movlenebis gaSuqebisTvis sasjelad. ori kviris Semdeg sasamarTlom gaaTavisufla Jurnalistebi sam wlamde pirobiTi sasjeliT, rac prokuraturasTan saproceso garigebis Sedegi iyo.

ivnisSi finansTa saministrom wamoiwyo saqarTvelos umsxvilesi media jgufis - `media palitras~ - kuTvnili ramdenime kompaniis paraleluri aragegmiuri sagadasaxado Semowmeba. aRniSnuli jgufi aseve flobs ramdenime gazeTs, maT Soris popularul yovelkvireul gazeT `kviris palitras~, radiosadgurs, TerTmet Jurnals, axali ambebis saagento `interpresnius”-s da internet `palitra TV”-s. mediasaSualebebi da samoqalaqo sazogadoebis warmomadgenlebi darwmunebulebi iyvnen, rom am auditis mizani iyo `media palitrasTan~ angariSsworeba jgufis mediasaSualebebis mier 26 maisis movlenebis gaSuqbis gamo. agvistoSi auditi gaurkveveli droiT SeCerda.

sisxlis samarTlis sistema

cixeebiis gadatvirTuloba kvlav problemad rCeba, rac cixeebSi cudi pirobebis arsebobas iwvevs. saxalxo damcvelis samsaxuris mier gamovlenili iqna cixeebSi patimarTa mimarT cudad mopyrobis araerTi faqti. magaliTad, quTaisis #2 sapyrobileSi TavisuflebaaRkveTil pirebs 24 saaTamde periodis gatareba uwevT 2-3 kvadratuli metris farTobis cariel sakanSi, mxolod sacvlebis amara, sapyrobileSi arsebuli wesebis darRvevisTvis sasjelis saxiT. saxalxo damcvelma prokuraturas am faqtis gamoZiebisken mouwoda.

ivnisis angariSSi Tomas hamarbergi, evropis sabWos adamianis uflebaTa komisari, miesalmeboda marTlmsajulebis sistemis reformirebis kuTxiT xelisuflebis mier ganxorcielebul mcdelobebs, Tumca mouwodebda xelisuflebas, mieRo adamianis uflebebze ufro metad orientirebuli sisxlis samarTlis politika.

ZiriTadi saerTaSoriso aqtorebi

amerikis SeerTebulma Statebma da evrokavSirma gaaRrmaves TavianTi saqmianoba da ekonomikuri kavSirebi saqarTvelosTan. Tumca aSS-c da evrokavSiric gamoTqvamdnen SeSfoTebas adamianis uflebebTan dakavSirebiT, arc erTs ar gamouyenebia es sakiTxi urTierTobaTa gadaxedvisTvis adamianis uflebebis sferoSi konkretuli gaumjobesebis misaRwevad.

amerikis SeerTebulma Statebma, evrokavSirma, evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleam da sxva mTavrobebma da institutebma mouwodes saqarTvelos xelisuflebas, Caetarebina 26 maisis saprotesto gamosvlebis dros policiis qmedebis gamoZieba.

dunia miatoviCma, evropaSi uSiSroebisa da TanamSromlobis organizaciis (euTo) warmomadgenelma mediis Tavisuflebis sferoSi, SeSfoTeba gamoTqva maisis saprotesto gamosvlebis ganmavlobaSi Jurnalistebis SeuracxyofasTan, dakavebasa da dakiTxvasTan dakavSirebiT.

aprilSi TbilisSi Seikriba amerikis SeerTebul Statebsa da saqarTvelos Soris gaformebuli strategiuli partniorobis Sesaxeb qartiis farglebSi arsebuli samuSao jgufi demokratiis sakiTxebSi, raTa ganexila progresi da TanamSromloba saqarTveloSi demokratiul reformebTan dakavSirebiT. aSS-m aiRo 90 milioni aSS dolaris gamoyofis valdebuleba saqarTveloSi demokratiis ganviTarebis xelSesawyobad.

Tavis aprilis rezoluciaSi saqarTvelos mier evrosabWoSi gawevrianebisas aRebuli valdebulebebis SesrulebasTan dakavSirebiT evropis sabWos saparlamento asamblea miesalma saqarTvelos mier valdebulebebis Sesrulebis kuTxiT miRweul `mniSvnelovan progress~, magram SeSfoTeba gamoxata marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebasa da samarTliani sasamarTlos normebTan dakavSirebiT.

evropis samezoblo politikis ganxorcielebis Sesaxeb Tavis maisis angariSSi evrokavSirma kmayofileba gamoTqva, qveyanaSi mimdinare sasamarTlo reformasTan dakavSirebiT, magram SeSfoTeba gamoxata imis gamo, rom ver xerxdeba politikuri da mediis pluralizmis, aseve Sromis uflebebisa da Sekrebis Tavisuflebis dacvis uzrunvelyofa.

ivlisSi evrokomisiam miiRo wliuri samoqmedo programa saqarTvelosTvis da aiRo 50 milion evroze meti Tanxis (70 milioni aSS dolari) gamoyofis valdebuleba qveynisTvis sisxlis samarTlis sistemis, konfliqtebis mogvarebis mcdelobebisa da iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa sakiTxebSi daxmarebis gasawevad.