February 10, 2014

Abused and Expelled

Ill-Treatment of Sub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco

Map
Summary
Recommendations
To the Kingdom of Morocco
To the Ministry of the Interior and to the Ministry of Justice
To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
To the Ministry of the Interior
To the Ministry for Social Development, Family and Solidarity
To the Algerian Government
To the Spanish Government
To the European Union and Member States
To the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants
To the UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Methodology
Terminology
I. Background
II. Police Abuse of Migrants in Informal Settlements
Robbery
Destruction of Shelters, Property, and Documents
Violence during Raids
III. Collective Expulsions from Morocco to Algeria
Moroccan Police and Auxiliary Forces Use and Threaten Violence
Lack of Due Process for Adult and Child Migrants
Collective Expulsions
Choice of Destination Country
Vulnerable Categories
Pregnant Women
Children
Expulsions or “Returns to the Border”?
Mistreatment at the Moroccan-Algerian Border
Violence and Theft Carried Out by Algerian Border Police
IV. Excessive Force against Migrants at the  Moroccan Border with Melilla, Spain
Spanish Authorities’ Use of Force and Summary Removals in Melilla
Expulsion of Children from Melilla
V. Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Gaps in Protection
Context before September 2013
Developments since September 2013
Challenges to Implementation
Forced Expulsions of Asylum Seekers and Refugees
VI. The Externalization of the EU’s  Migration Management
Cooperation in Migration Management
Readmission Agreements
EU Funding of Moroccan Migration Management
The Aeneas and MEDA Programs
The European Neighborhood Policy
VII. International and National Legal Framework
Torture and other Ill-treatment
Moroccan and International Law Governing Migrants
Forced Evictions and Migrants’ Rights to Housing
Acknowledgements
Annex