November 20, 2013

Unwelcome Guests

Iran’s Violation of Afghan Refugee and Migrant Rights

Key Recommendations
I. Background: Afghans in Iran
The Political Context
Conditions in Afghanistan Today
II. Barriers to Obtaining and Retaining  Refugee Status in Iran
Onerous Amayesh Registration Requirements for Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Forfeiture of Refugee Status
Voluntary Return
Barriers to New Refugee Registration
The CRP Process: Path to Becoming “Legal”?
The “Solutions Strategy”
III. Abuses Against Afghans Living in Iran
“No Go Areas”
Case of Hakim S. and Family
Case of Najib T. and Family
Denial of Education and Failure to Prevent Child Labor
Curtailed Access to Education
University Trade-offs
Denial of Citizenship and Marriage Rights
Limitations on the Right to Work
Vigilante “Justice”
IV. Abuses During the Deportation Process
Physical Abuse, Theft, and Destruction of Property
Deportation without Due Process
Case of Nabil M. and Family
Case of Hashim M. and Family
Poor Conditions in Detention Facilities
Abuse and Neglect of Unaccompanied Migrant Children
Case of Zalmai K.
Case of Salim T.
Arrest, Detention, and Abuse in Police Stations and Transit Detention Facilities
Family Separation
Case of Hasina and Zohrah and Family
Case of Arif and Family
Case of Nasrat B.
Case of Nader R.
Case of Mariam G.
Deportation-Related Fees and Forced Labor
V. Recommendations
To the Islamic Republic of Iran
Access to and Protection of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Access to Education, Employment, and Other Services for Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Fair Options for Migrant Workers and their Families
Legal and Humane Deportation Procedures
To the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
To the United Nations and International Partners of Afghanistan and Iran
VI. Acknowledgments
Appendix I – HRW Letter to Minister Abdolreza Rahmani Frazli and Director-General Aziz Kazemi
Appendix II – HRW Letter to President Hamid Karzai