March 29, 2013

Hostages of the Gatekeepers

Abuses against Internally Displaced in Mogadishu, Somalia

Map 1: Somalia
Map 2: Districts of Mogadishu
Summary
Key Recommendations
To the Somali National Government
Methodology
Background
Developments in 2011 and 2012
Mogadishu during the Famine
Displacement as a Result of Famine
Governance in Mogadishu
Reliance on Gatekeepers
Clan Dynamics
Abuses against Internally Displaced People in Mogadishu
Sexual and Gender Based Violence
Mistreatment and Discrimination
Evictions
Diversion of Food Aid and Control over Resources
Looting, Diversion, and Misappropriation of Food Aid
Abuses Arising through Control over Shelter
Arbitrary Arrests and Reprisals against IDPs for Complaints
IDPs and Humanitarian Assistance under International Law
Government Response
The Transitional Federal Government
Response of the New Government
Donor Governments and Humanitarian Actors
The Diplomatic and Donor Community
The Humanitarian Community
Protection Activities
The Humanitarian Community’s Response to Gatekeepers
The Humanitarian Response to Aid Diversions
Accountability towards Beneficiaries and of Assistance
Recommendations
To Somalia’s National Government
Law Enforcement
Humanitarian Assistance
Human Rights Compliance
To the Somali Parliament and Council of Ministers
To the Governments of the United States, United Kingdom, and Turkey, and the European Union, the African Union, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
To the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNICEF, and other humanitarian agencies implementing protection activities, and the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator
To the UN Security Council
To the UN Secretary-General
To the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
To the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
To the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons
Acknowledgments