July 19, 2012

Sex Workers at Risk

Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in Four US Cities

Summary
Key Recommendations
To the Police Departments and District Attorneys of New York City, Washington, DC, Los Angeles, and San Francisco
To the Legislatures of New York State and California and the District of Columbia Council
To the United States Government
Methodology
Background
Findings: Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in Four US Cities
New York City
HIV in New York City
Anti-Prostitution Enforcement in New York City
Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution
Immigration Consequences of Arrest for Prostitution
Fear of Carrying Condoms as a Result of Police Action
Police Abuse, Harassment, and Misconduct
Response of New York City Public Officials
Washington, DC
HIV in Washington, DC
Anti-Prostitution Enforcement in Washington, DC
Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution
Abuse of Transgender Women by Police
Response of Washington, DC Public Officials
Los Angeles
HIV in Los Angeles
A History of Police Abuse of Transgender People in Los Angeles
Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution
Immigration Consequences of Arrest for Prostitution
Fear of Carrying Condoms as a Result of Police Action
Police Abuse, Harassment, and Misconduct
Response of Los Angeles Public Officials
San Francisco
HIV in San Francisco
Condoms Barred As Evidence of Prostitution in 1994
Anti-Prostitution Enforcement in San Francisco
Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution
Response of San Francisco Public Officials
Human Rights Obligations
Right to HIV Prevention and Access to Condoms
Right to Liberty and Security of the Person and Freedom from Arbitrary Detention
Right to be Free from Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Recommendations
New York
To the New York State Legislature
New York City
To the New York City Council
To the Mayor of New York City
To the New York City Police Department
To the District Attorneys for the City of New York
To the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Washington, DC
To the Council of the District of Columbia
To the Mayor of Washington, DC
To the Metropolitan Police Department
To the Department of Health of the District of Columbia
California
To the California State Legislature
To the California Alcoholic Beverage Control Board
Los Angeles
To the Los Angeles City Council
To the Mayor of Los Angeles
To the Los Angeles Police Department
To the City Attorney of Los Angeles
To the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health
San Francisco
To the Board of Supervisors of the City of San Francisco
To the Mayor of San Francisco
To the San Francisco Police Department
To the San Francisco District Attorney
To the San Francisco Department of Public Health
To the United States Government
To the United Nations
Acknowledgements
Appendix A. New York City Criminal Court Prostitution Complaint Forms
Appendix B. Letter from the Latino Commission on AIDS to the NYPD
Appendix C. San Francisco Resolution Re: Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution
Appendix D. San Francisco Criminal Court Prostitution Complaint Form