Old Behind Bars
The Aging Prison Population in the United States
To State and Federal Governments
To State and Federal Corrections Officials
I. Older Prisoners
How Many Older Prisoners?
II. Why the Aging Prison Population?
Longer Time in Prison, Especially for Violent Crimes
Sentences for Violent Crimes
Entering Prison at an Older Age
III. Conditions of Confinement
Housing for the Elderly
Segregating the Older from the Younger?
Prison Staff and the Elderly
Programs, Recreation, and Work
IV. Aging Bodies, Soaring Costs
Age and Infirmity
Medical Expenditures for Older Inmates
Reimbursement for Medical Costs
V. Release from Prison, Dying in Prison
Release and Public Safety
VI. When is Imprisonment No Longer Justified?
Disproportionality and the Purposes of Punishment
Appendix: Additional Tables