December 11, 2008

Killings in Kiwanja

The UN's Inability to Protect Civilians

I. Summary
II. Context
Peace process fails
CNDP take control of Kiwanja and Rutshuru
Mai Mai counter-attacks on Kiwanja
III. Abuses committed by the CNDP
Summary Executions
Sexual Violence
Forced recruitment and abduction of adults and children
Destruction of camps and forced return
CNDP Response
IV. Abuses committed by the Mai Mai
Summary executions, killings and abductions
Use of child soldiers
V. Abuses committed by Congolese army soldiers
VII. MONUC: failure to protect civilians
Hostility towards MONUC
Logistical and technical problems
Competing priorities
Conclusion
VIII. Recommendations