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SUFFERING IN SILENCE

The Links between Human Rights Abuses and HIV Transmission to Girls in Zambia

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Human Rights Watch
New York · Washington · London · Brussels

Copyright © November 2002 by Human Rights Watch.
All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America

ISBN: 1-56432-283-1
Library of Congress Control Number: 2002116650


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I. SUMMARY


II. RECOMMENDATIONS

III. METHODS


IV. BACKGROUND

V. ABUSES RELATED TO RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION: VOICES OF GIRLS

VI. SHORTCOMINGS AND RISK FACTORS WITHIN THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK

VII. STATE RESPONSE

VIII. INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

APPENDIX I: CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD


APPENDIX II: EXCERPTS FROM THE CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN


APPENDIX III: DECLARATION OF COMMITMENT OF THE U.N. GENERAL ASSEMBLY SPECIAL SESSION ON HIV/AIDS, JUNE 2001

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report was researched by Janet Fleischman, Human Rights Watch's Washington Director for Africa, and Joanne Csete, director of the HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Program, and written by Janet Fleischman. The research is a joint project of the HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Program and the Children's Rights Division. Joanne Csete; Lois Whitman, executive director of the Children's Rights Division; LaShawn R. Jefferson, executive director of the Women's Rights Division; Bronwen Manby, deputy director of the Africa Rights Division; James Ross, senior legal advisor; and Ian Gorvin, consultant to the Program Office edited the report. Human Rights Watch gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Professor Muna Ndulo of Cornell University and Constance M. Lewanika, country coordinator of Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF)-Zambia in reviewing the legal section.

Human Rights Watch is grateful for the assistance of numerous organizations and individuals in Zambia focusing on orphans and vulnerable children, women's rights, HIV/AIDS, health care, education, and human rights.

Most of all, Human Rights Watch wishes to thank all the girls and young women in Zambia who agreed to be interviewed for this report. Their courage and candor provides hope for the future, and made this report possible.

We also acknowledge with gratitude the financial support of the John M. Lloyd Foundation.

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