July 23, 2003

THE "MISS WORLD RIOTS":

Continued Impunity for Killings in Kaduna

I. SUMMARY
II. BACKGROUND..
The 2000 crisis and its consequences
III. THE NOVEMBER 2002 RIOTS..
Events leading up to the riots: the Miss World contest and ThisDay article
Three days of killing and destruction
Attacks by Muslims
Attacks by Christians
IV. EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLINGS AND OTHER ABUSES BY THE SECURITY FORCES..
Violations of international obligations
Killings in Kabala Costain and Kabala Doki
Killings by the security forces in other areas
V. THE RESPONSE OF THE GOVERNMENT
Investigations and arrests
VI. CAUSES OF THE VIOLENCE AND THE POLITICIZATION OF RELIGION..
VII. CONFLICT RESOLUTION INITIATIVES..
VIII. RECOMMENDATIONS..
To the Nigerian federal government and Kaduna state government
To foreign governments and intergovernmental organizations
IX. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS..