Key Recommendations to Governments of
To Labor Ministries and
- Extend labor protections in national law to domestic
workers, including provisions related to a minimum wage, periods of daily
and weekly rest, overtime pay, social security, workers’
compensation, health care, and maternity leave. Introduce additional
protections to address the specific nature of domestic work, such as
intermittent working hours, living accommodations, and provision of food.
- Strengthen regulation and monitoring of employment
agencies and recruitment fees, and impose significant penalties for
violations of laws and regulations on domestic workers’ rights.
- Ensure that domestic workers have the right to freedom of
association, the right to form an association or trade union, and to
bargain collectively with employers and brokers.
To Ministries of Interior
- Reform the visa sponsorship system so that workers’
visas are no longer tied to individual employers serving as immigration sponsors.
Ensure that workers can change employers without losing legal status and
without having to obtain their first employer’s permission, and that
they are able to leave the country without being required to first secure
the consent of their employer.
- Facilitate the approval of valid immigration status for
workers awaiting the outcome of legal proceedings and allow them to work.
To Foreign Ministries
- Promote bilateral and multilateral cooperation with
labor-sending countries to ensure employment contracts applied in
labor-receiving countries are the same ones signed by workers prior to
migration, to monitor transnational recruitment (including capping
recruitment fees), to resolve outstanding labor disputes and criminal
complaints, and to arrange for timely repatriation.
- Support a binding convention on domestic work with an
accompanying recommendation during the International Labor Conference in
To Ministries of
Justice and Social Affairs
- Improve access to the criminal justice system, including
through confidential complaint mechanisms in the languages spoken by
migrant domestic workers and provision of legal assistance.
- Expand victim services for survivors of abuse, such as shelters,
hotlines, access to health care, counseling, and support to civil society
and faith-based groups offering these services.
- Improve identification of cases of trafficking into forced
domestic servitude and ensure that victims have access to specific protections
and services under national counter-trafficking laws and programs.
- Take steps to prevent, investigate, and prosecute criminal
violence against domestic workers including physical abuse, sexual abuse,
forced labor, and trafficking. Establish mechanisms to expedite these
processes in cases involving migrants.