April 27, 2010

Fact Sheet

 

Table 1: Basic Statistics for Prisons Visited

 

Table 2: Access to Justice for Prisoners Interviewed

*Under Zambian law, a prisoner under the age of nineteen years (the minimum age of criminal responsibility is eight years) is classified as a “juvenile,” despite the fact that under international law, 18 year-olds are adults.

 

Categories of Prisoners Held in Zambian Prisons Under Zambian Law

Convicted criminal prisoner (convict): A prisoner serving a sentence, having been found guilty of a criminal offense by a court.

Unconvicted prisoner (remandee): Any person committed to custody by a court order or order of detention who is not a convicted criminal prisoner.

Juvenile: Under Zambian law, a prisoner under the age of nineteen years (the minimum age of criminal responsibility is eight years) is classified as a “juvenile,” despite the fact that under international law, 18 year-olds are adults. Throughout this report, the term “juvenile” will be used to designate the category of prisoners ages eight to 18 held in Zambian prisons when necessary to refer to the classification used by the government. Otherwise, individuals in prison under age 18 will be referred to as “children” in accordance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Prohibited Immigrant: A prisoner detained under a broad range of alleged immigration-related violations, including visitors with an expired permit to remain in Zambia, individuals entering Zambia without being able to establish a valid passport, and persons previously deported from Zambia. Throughout this report, individuals detained under the “prohibited immigrant” classification will be referred to as “immigration detainees”.