January 28, 2009

Glossary

CIA: Chin Integrated Army, small Chin armed resistance group no longer active in Chin State.

CLC: Chin Liberation Council, small Chin political opposition group, now defunct.

CNC: Chin National Confederation, small Chin political opposition group, now defunct.

CNA: Chin National Army, the armed wing of the CNF, implicated in human rights violations against Chin civilians with continuing operations in Chin State.

CNF: Chin National Front, the political wing of the Chin ethnic resistance formed in 1988.

CRCL:Chin Refugee Center Lunglei, community-based organization assisting members of the Chin refugee community in Lunglei, Mizoram.

FTUB: Federation of Trade Unions-Burma, formed in 1991 by exiled Burmese to monitor and report on forced labor practices in Burma.

IB: Infantry Battalion.

LIB: Light Infantry Battalion.

MNF: Mizo National Front, a Mizo political party responsible for successfully spearheading the campaign for statehood in Mizoram, India after the Indian central government failed to properly respond to a famine in Mizoram in 1959.

MTP:Mara Thyutlia Py, or Mara Youth Party, a voluntary association in Mizoram, implicated in attacks against Chin refugees and migrants.

NLD: National League for Democracy, pro-democracy political party in Burma led by Aung San Suu Kyi and winner of a majority of parliamentary seats in the 1990 elections.

SLORC:State Law and Order Restoration Council, former name of Burma's military government, which changed to the SPDC in 1997.

SPDC: State Peace and Development Council, the ruling military council currently composed of 12 senior military officials that control the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government.

Tatmadaw: Burmese armed forces, inclusive of the Tatmadaw Kyi (Army), Tatmadaw Ye (Navy), and Tatmadaw Lay (Air Force).

USDA: Union Solidarity and Development Association, a government formed and controlled "social welfare" organization with 24 million members, many of whom are coerced or induced into joining. Members of the paramilitary wing of the USDA have been responsible for attacks on Aung San Suu Kyi and other opposition politicians since 1997.

VPDC: Village Peace and Development Council, the government controlled administration often controlled by the local army commander.

YMA: Young Mizo Association, a voluntary association in Mizoram implicated in attacks on Chin refugees and migrants.