December 16, 2008


This report was written by Juliane Kippenberg, senior researcher in the Children's Rights Division of Human Rights Watch.

The research for this report took place during visits to Kenya in July and August 2007, and August 2008. The research was conducted by Juliane Kippenberg, Tony Tate, consultant to the Children's Rights Division, and Joseph Amon, director of the HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Program. Viefke Termond, intern in the Children's Rights Division, wrote an early draft of the chapter on the legal framework. Kennji Kizuka, associate in the Children's Rights Division, assisted with background research.

The report was reviewed by Joseph Amon; Zama Coursen-Neff, deputy director of the Children's Rights Division; Nada Ali, researcher in the Women's Rights Division; Ben Rawlence, researcher in the Africa Division; Clive Baldwin, senior legal advisor; and Ian Gorvin, senior program officer. Anna Lopriore, creative manager and photo editor, Grace Choi, publications director, Meg Reber, publications specialist, Fitzroy Hepkins, mail manager, Jose Martinez, production coordinator, and Kennji Kizuka provided production assistance.

We wish to thank all the children, mothers, fathers, guardians, caregivers, and health workers who spoke with us. We are also grateful for the fruitful cooperation with many nongovernmental organizations and academic institutions, some of whom remain unnamed. NGOs that assisted us with their insight and contacts included the African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANNPCAN); the Children's Legal Action Network (CLAN); The Cradle; Grassroots Organizations Operating Together in Sisterhood (GROOTS, in particular their affiliates in Mathare and Kakamega); Health Rights Advocacy Forum (HERAF); Kenya AIDS NGOs Consortium (KANCO); Kenya Treatment Action Movement (KETAM); Lea Toto Community Project; Nyumbani Orphanage; Pandipieri; Tuungane Youth Centre; United Civil Society Coalition for AIDS, TB and Malaria (UCCATM); and Women Fighting Aids in Kenya (WOFAK). At Maseno University in Nyanza province Dr. Erick Nyambedha and Charles Olango of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology shared with us their analysis and arranged interviews for us in Nyangoma village. At Moi University School of Medicine in Eldoret, the Academic Model for the Prevention and Treatment of HIV (AMPATH), shared their analysis with us and put us in contact with interviewees.