To the Ministry of Interior
- Establish a centralized and accessible system for receiving and
processing complaints of Internal Security Forces (ISF) abuse of suspects or
other malfeasance and ensure that complaints are trackable through unique
- Ensure that all members of the ISF are clearly identifiable
through name and rank tags on their uniforms.
- Ensure that the ISF properly implement the Code of Criminal
Procedure, particularly its limits on pre-trial detention and the requirement
that detainees be promptly brought before investigative judges.
To Investigative Judges and
Other Members of the Judiciary
- Thoroughly investigate all allegations of torture and
mistreatment of suspects by members of the ISF, and prosecute offenders to the
full extent of the law.
- Overturn all convictions of defendants that were based upon confessions
extracted under duress.
- Create and enforce guidelines to ensure that judges deem
inadmissible all confessions and other evidence obtained under torture.
- Ensure that investigative judges carry out their roles in
preliminary investigations as required by the Lebanese Code of Criminal
To the Lebanese Government
- Immediately prepare and submit
to the UN Committee against Torture an objective assessment of
Lebanon’s efforts to date to implement the Convention against
Torture (CAT), as required by Lebanon’s ratification of the treaty.
- Establish a national preventive
mechanism to carry out visits to places of detention, to monitor the
treatment of and conditions for detainees, and to make recommendations
regarding the prevention of ill-treatment, as required by the Optional
Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT).
- Establish an independent body
to investigate allegations of torture and ill-treatment by officers of the
- Adhere to article 22 of CAT
giving the UN CAT committee the authority to look into individual
To the Lebanese Parliament
- Amend article 401 of the Penal Code to criminalize all forms of
torture and ill-treatment and make Lebanon’s definition of the offenses
consistent with the definition in CAT.
- Increase the penalties for torture convictions so that the
sentences defendants receive reflect the gravity of the crime.
- Repeal article 534 of the Lebanese penal code, which criminalizes
“any sexual intercourse contrary to the order of nature.”
- Amend article 49 of the Code of Criminal Procedure to explicitly
guarantee suspects the right to a lawyer during police questioning.
- Repeal article 523 of the Lebanese Penal Code, which criminalizes
women who practice “secret prostitution.”
- Adopt a law authorizing creation of a national preventive mechanism
to monitor detention facilities and combat torture, as required by the OPCAT.
To the US, EU, UK, France, and
Other Countries that Fund the Internal Security Forces
- Audit funding and technical assistance provided to the ISF to
ensure that funding is not supporting policies, programs, or practices that
violate international law, including torture and ill-treatment of sex workers, people
who use drugs, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons.
- Make aid to the ISF more transparent and develop reporting and
accountability mechanisms to better assess aid spending and effectiveness.
- Ensure that aid to the Internal Security Forces supports the
development of internal oversight and accountability mechanisms within the ISF,
including an independent body to investigate allegations of torture and
- Refrain from funding Internal Security Forces units that are
credibly found to abuse human rights and make resumption of funding to such
units subject to enactment of reforms that guarantee the cessation of such
abuses and accountability for past violations.