September 10, 2006

II. Recommendations

To the Iraqi Authorities, including the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Displacement and Migration

Publicly affirm Iraq's commitment to hosting Palestinian refugees in secure and humane conditions, and that abuses against Iraqi Palestinian refugees will not be tolerated and will be investigated and prosecuted;

Provide specifically detailed security in neighborhoods and camps where Iraqi Palestinians reside;

Take all appropriate measures to end torture, "disappearances," summary killings, and other abuses by Iraqi security forces, and investigate and punish such abuses. Investigate whether Iraqi Palestinians are being targeted for abuse and take appropriate action against the perpetrators;

Ensure that Iraqi Palestinians are officially treated in a way appropriate to their status as recognized refugees, and cancel burdensome registration requirements imposed on them by the Ministry of Interior's Department of Residency.

To the United States and the U.S.-led Multinational Forces in Iraq

Assist the Iraqi government with providing security to Iraqi Palestinian refugees in Iraq, and monitor the treatment of Iraqi Palestinians by Iraqi forces.Ensure that abuses committed against Iraqi Palestinians by Iraqi forces are investigated and punished by the appropriate authorities.

To the Governments of Jordan, Syria, and Other Countries in the Region

Recognize that Iraqi Palestinians are a particularly vulnerable population in Iraq, and keep borders open to Iraqi Palestinians fleeing Iraq;

Ensure that no Iraqi Palestinian refugee is subjected to refoulement, either at the border (by refusing to grant access) or after entering the host country;

Ensure that government agencies treat Iraqi Palestinian refugees within your borders with dignity and respect for their human rights, including their right to freedom of movement within the host country;

Provide protection and assistance to all Iraqi Palestinians within your border, with the cooperation and financial assistance of the international community;

Countries in the region not hosting Iraqi Palestinian refugee populations should engage in burden-sharing with the host countries through humanitarian assistance and financial contributions;

Permit Iraqi Palestinian men married to women from countries in the region to enter their spouse's home country with their families.

To the Government of Israel

In the absence of a resolution of the broader Palestinian refugee issue, permit Iraqi Palestinian refugees with direct ties to Gaza to return to areas now administered by the Palestinian National Authority.

To the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees

In coordination with the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), closely monitor and report on attacks and abuses against Palestinians in Iraq, and their access to asylum and other aspects of their treatment within the region;

Continue to advocate for a regional commitment from neighboring countries to allow Iraqi Palestinian refugees to enter their territories and to treat Iraqi Palestinian refugees in conformity with international standards;

Secure resettlement places in countries outside the region, with the active cooperation of the international community, particularly the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom. Afford those Iraqi Palestinian refugees who are unable to integrate locally in the region, to return to their place of origin, or to return to Iraq, resettlement places in third countries;

Insist that the relevant authorities in Iraq, including the Iraqi security forces and the U.S.-led Multinational Forces, take the necessary steps to ensure the safety of Iraqi Palestinian refugees and protection of their rights.

To Donors and the International Community

Urge governments of neighboring states to keep their borders open to Iraqi Palestinians fleeing persecution and violence in Iraq, and insist that Iraqi Palestinians fleeing Iraq are treated in accordance with international standards;

Donor states should uphold their legal and humanitarian obligations to share responsibility for refugees by providing financial and humanitarian support to protection and assistance activities for Iraqi Palestinians fleeing Iraq;

The international community should provide third-country resettlement possibilities for Iraqi Palestinians who are unable or unwilling to return to Iraq or to their place of origin, and who cannot safely remain with a secure refugee status in countries in the region.