July 18, 2012


This report was researched and written by Alice Farmer, researcher in the Children’s Rights Division. Eva Cosse, research assistant in the Europe and Central Asia Division, Kyle Knight, Roland Algrant fellow with the Children’s Rights Division, and Annie Gell, Leonard H. Sandler fellow, provided additional research and drafting.

The report was reviewed and edited by: Zama Coursen-Neff, deputy director of the Children’s Rights Division; Benjamin Ward, deputy director in the Europe and Central Asia Division; Judith Sunderland, senior researcher in the Europe and Central Asia Division; Bill Frelick, director of the Refugee Policy Program; Shantha Rau Barriga, disability rights researcher and advocate, Aisling Reidy, senior legal advisor; and Babatunde Olugboji, deputy program director.

Noah Beaudette and Laura Schülke, associates, provided research and production assistance. Additional production assistance was provided by Grace Choi, Anna Lopriore, and Fitzroy Hepkins. Additional research assistance was provided by Anne Sweigart, Ashley Harlan, and Muneeb Bokhari of Northwestern University Law School.

We are grateful to the individuals who agreed to share their personal stories, as well as all of the officials, service providers, and experts who agreed to be interviewed. We thank all of the organizations and individuals who supported this work, facilitated interviews, and provided invaluable insight.