July 14, 2011

Definitions and Acronyms

ART or ARVs: Antiretroviral therapy for the treatment of HIV, which works to suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of the HIV disease

CD4 count: The number of CD4 cells (T-helper lymphocytes with CD4 cell surface marker) used to assess immune status, susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and a patient’s need for antiretroviral therapy

Committals or committed prisoners: Prisoners facing serious criminal charges, such as murder or aggravated robbery, whose cases have been sent to the High Court but who have not yet completed their trials

Farm prison: Prison where prisoners work on government-owned fields to produce mainly maize meal and beans consumed by prisoners countrywide, in addition to other labor

Garden: Field where prisoners work, also referred to as a shamba

JLOS: Justice Law and Order Sector, a group of Ugandan government bodies and international donors working collaboratively to improve access to justice

Katikkiro: Prisoner with disciplinary authority, sometimes called RP (short for “Resource Protection”) or ward leader; Luganda word literally meaning “administrative head”

LAP: Local administration prison; until 2006, local governments in Uganda administered over 170 prisons independent of the Uganda Prisons Service; former LAPs are smaller and historically less resourced than the larger prisons which have been continuously under central government administration

MDR-TB: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, a form of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant in vitro to the effects of isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most powerful anti-TB drugs, with or without resistance to any other drugs

Murchison Bay Prison Hospital: The only prison referral hospital in Uganda administering care to prisoners, based at the Luzira/Murchison Bay Prison complex in Kampala

OC: “Officer in charge,” in this case, of a prison; he or she is the highest ranking officer present at the facility and has near-total discretion in decisions concerning his or her prison

Panadol: Paracetamol, a basic pain reliever also marketed as Tylenol

PMTCT: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; PMTCT health interventions aim to reduce the spread of HIV from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding

Reception center: Prison intended to hold remanded, newly convicted, short-term, or maximum security prisoners who have not been sent to farm prisons

Remands or remanded prisoners: Prisoners awaiting trial or currently on trial

Septrin: Cotrimoxazole, a medication recommended for all individuals testing positive for HIV in order to treat opportunistic infections

Shamba: Swahili word literally meaning “field”

UPS: Uganda Prisons Service