• Morocco’s 2011 constitution incorporated strong human rights provisions, but these reforms did not lead to improved practices, the passage of implementing legislation, or the revision of repressive laws. In 2013, Moroccans exercised their right to peaceful protest in the streets, but police continued to violently disperse them on occasion. Laws that criminalize acts deemed harmful to the king, the monarchy, Islam, or Morocco’s claim over the disputed Western Sahara limited the rights to peaceful expression, assembly, and association.
  • Nador, Morocco, November 2012 – A migrant from Mali lying down in a cave used as shelter. In the forests and mountains that surround Nador, groups of Sub-Saharan African migrants survive and wait for the right moment to attempt to cross the border between Morocco and the city of Melilla, a Spanish enclave on Morocco’s north coast.
    Spanish and Moroccan authorities should affirm procedures to protect rights for migrants and reject summary returns at the border.


Morocco/Western Sahara