Libya’s culture of impunity fueled widespread human rights abuses. Escalating armed conflict caused destruction of civilian property and unlawful killings that amounted to war crimes. Politically motivated assassinations, forced displacement, arbitrary detentions, inhumane torture, and violations of rights of detainees held under both state custody and under the control of militias remained unabated and may amount to crimes against humanity. Armed groups in eastern Libya affiliated with the Islamic State (ISIS), announced the establishment of an autonomous province divided into the Derna and Benghazi sectors. Trafficking of humans, drugs, and weapons into Chad, Sudan, Egypt, and Algeria had yet to be resolved.