February 1, 2011

Gold’s Costly Dividend

Human Rights Impacts of Papua New Guinea’s Porgera Gold Mine

I. Background and Context
The Porgera Joint Venture
Box 1: An Altered Landscape
Poor Living Conditions and Demands for Relocation
Poisonous Local Politics: Barrick and the Porgera Landowners Association
II. Violence and Illegal Mining: PJV’s Security Challenges
Illegal Mining on the Waste Dumps
Organized Raids on the Mine
Criminalization of Illegal Mining and its Limitations
III. Gang Rape and Other Abuses by PJV Security Personnel
The PJV Security Force
A Legacy of Abuse?
Box 2: Replicating Broader Patterns of Abuse
Ongoing Patterns of Abuse by PJV Security Guards
Gang Rape by APD Personnel
Box 3: Another Investigation at Porgera
Box 4: Retaliation at Home
Box 5: A Gang Rape Survivor Tells Her Story
Treatment of Detainees in APD Custody
Excessive Use of Force
IV. Barrick and the Mobile Police Deployment to Porgera
V. Barrick’s International Human Rights Obligations
VI. Barrick’s Response to Human Rights Concerns at the Porgera Mine
Long Term Company Efforts to Implement the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights
Falling Short
Barrick’s Response to Human Rights Watch’s Allegations
VII. Health and Environmental Concerns Regarding Riverine Tailings Disposal at Porgera
Box 6: The Ok Tedi Disaster
Transparency Concerns
VIII. Mercury Use by Small-Scale and Illegal Miners
IX. The Need for Canadian Government Regulation
Box 7: No Oversight of APD in Porgera
Bill C-300: A Missed Opportunity
X. Acknowledgements
Annex: Barrick’s Response to Human Rights Watch