February 8, 2010

Torture Redux

The Revival of Physical Coercion during Interrogations in Bahrain

Summary
Key Recommendations
I. Methodology
II. Background
Bahrain’s Security Forces and Law Enforcement Apparatus
Cases Giving Rise to Torture Complaints
Jidhafs case
Karzakan case
Al-Hujaira case
III. Legal Framework
Convention against Torture
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Arab Charter on Human Rights
Bahraini Law
IV. Allegations of Torture or Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
Use of Electro-Shock Devices
Suspension in Painful Positions
Beating of Soles of Feet (Falaka)
Severe Beatings
Threats to Rape and Kill
Threats to Rape
Threats to Kill
Forced Standing
Abuse of a Sexual Nature
V. Bahraini Government Officials’ Denials
VI. Credibility of Witness Accounts
Consistency of Accounts
Declining to Exaggerate or Embellish Testimony
Documentary Evidence, including Medical Reports
VII. Detailed Recommendations
To the Government of Bahrain
To the Members of the League of Arab States
To the Governments of the United States, France, and the United Kingdom
To the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
To the Member States of the United Nations Human Rights Council
Acknowledgments
Appendix
Letters to the Government of Bahrain: October 22, 2009 and December 8, 2009