October 21, 2009

“We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them”

Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests

Map of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region
Map of Urumqi
Summary
Key Recommendations
Methodology
I. Background
Root Causes of the Xinjiang Protests
The July 5-7 Protests in Urumqi
China’s Record of Unaccounted-for Detentions and Due Process Violations
Government Control of Information in the Aftermath of the Xinjiang Protests
II. Official Data on Arrests and Due Process Concerns
III. Enforced Disappearances and Unlawful Arrests
Enforced Disappearance of Makhmud M., Age 25, Abdurakhman A., Age 31, and 16 Other Men
Enforced Disappearance of Ziyad-Ahun Z., Age 24 and Shakir Sh., Age 24
Enforced Disappearance of Nuriddin N., Age 20
Enforced Disappearance of Karim-Ahun K., Age 16, Fazliddin F., Age 18, and 14 Other Men
Enforced Disappearance of Two Brothers, Jalal-Ahun J., Age 24, and Jamshid J., Age 25, and Two Other Men  
Enforced Disappearance of Sharafutdin Sh., Age 14
Enforced Disappearance of Anvar-Ahun A., Age 35
Possible Enforced Disappearance of Umar-Ahun U., Age 24
Possible Enforced Disappearance of Muhammadamin M., Age 25
Possible Enforced Disappearance of Abdurahim A., Age 18
IV. Legal Standards
China’s Obligations under International Law..
China’s National Law..
V. Recommendations
To the Chinese Government
To the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNOHCHR)
To the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
To China’s International Partners
VI. Acknowledgments
VII. Appendix
Human Rights Watch letter to Zhou Wenzhong, Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China in the United States of America