July 9, 2009

Well Oiled

Oil and Human Rights in Equatorial Guinea

Map of Equatorial Guinea’s Major Offshore Oil and Gas Fields
I. Summary
II. Background
The Macías Dictatorship, 1968-79
Obiang—Democracy Pledged but Authoritarianism Preserved
Human Rights Record of Recent Governments
The Onset of Oil
III. The Equatoguinean Economy: Corrupt, Mismanaged, and Non-Transparent
Corruption Defining the Oil Boom
Equatorial Guinea Indications of Corruption
Government of Equatorial Guinea’s Response to Corruption Allegations
Financial Mismanagement and Lack of Transparency
IV. Impact of Corruption and Oil Revenue Mismanagement on Economic and Social Rights in Equatorial Guinea
Inadequate Funding of Health, Education, and Social Services
The Rights to Health and Education Under International Law..
Equatorial Guinea’s Efforts to Fight Poverty
V. The Government’s Record on Civil and Political Rights
Media and Information Freedom Heavily Curtailed
Restrictions on Freedom of Assembly
Imprisonment of Opposition Politicians and Perceived Government Opponents
Extrajudicial Killings Abroad
VI. The “Wonga Coup” Attempt of 2004
Trials for the Coup Attempt Seriously Flawed
Crackdown on Foreigners
VII. The Role of the International Community
The United States
Other International Actors
VIII. Recommendations
To the government of Equatorial Guinea
To the US government
Appendix: Letters from Oil Companies to Human Rights Watch