November 25, 2008

"We Will Crush You"

The Restriction of Political Space in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Map of the Democratic Republic of Congo
I. Summary
Methodology
II. Recommendations
To the Congolese Government
To the Congolese National Assembly and Senate
To International Donors
To MONUC and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
III. Prelude to Violence: A Climate of Suspicion
IV. Crushing Jean-Pierre Bemba and his Supporters
Military 0perations August 2006
Effect on the second round of elections
March 2007 violence
Killings and Summary Executions
Relying on the loyalists
Abuses by the Republican Guard
Arbitrary Arrest, Torture, and Ill-Treatment
Abuses by the Republican Guard
Abuses by the "secret" commission
Abuses by other security services
Harassment, Intimidation, and Destruction of Property
Against party activists and close Bemba associates
Against journalists and their defenders
Government Responsibility
Government Response
Lukansu commission
Cover-up
Judicial investigations of Bemba
V. Crackdown on the BDK in Bas Congo
February 2007 Violence
Flawed gubernatorial elections
Quelling BDK protests
Government response
March 2008 Violence
Build-up to renewed violence
Police operation against the BDK
Cover-up again
MONUC investigation
Threats against Other Politicians from Bas Congo
VI. Applicable Legal Standards
International Human Rights Law..
International Humanitarian Law..
Congolese Law..
VII. The Role of the International Community
International Donors
Economic concerns take priority
The Belgians take the lead
The UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUC
UN Human Rights Envoys
The Deficiency in International Attention to Congo
Acknowledgments