April 29, 2008

"Walking on Thin Ice"

Control, Intimidation and Harassment of Lawyers in China

Map of China......................................................................................................................
I. Summary.........................................................................................................................
Key recommendations.................................................................................................
Methodology................................................................................................................
II. International Standards for Lawyers..........................................................................
III. China's Legal Profession..........................................................................................
The development of the legal profession................................................................
The role of lawyers under Chinese law.....................................................................
The emergence of the weiquan movement..............................................................
IV. Legal Rule and Party Rule: A Deliberate Contradiction..........................................
Retrenchment: The campaign for "socialist rule of law"........................................
V. Violence Against Lawyers..........................................................................................
Gao Zhisheng, Chen Guangcheng, and the crackdown on cause lawyering........
Beyond Gao and Chen: Recurring violence against lawyers..................................
VI. Intimidation................................................................................................................
VII. Prosecution for Perjury............................................................................................
VIII. Limits on Ability to Represent Clients...................................................................
Lack of access to criminal suspects in detention...................................................
Lack of access to case files.......................................................................................
Intimidation of witnesses and lack of access to evidence.....................................
Restrictions on free expression and use of media by lawyers..............................
IX. Control Over Lawyers' Licenses...............................................................................
Manipulation of the annual registration requirement............................................
Politically-motivated disbarment and sanctions against lawyers.........................
X. Recommendations.................................................................................................... 102
To the Chinese government.................................................................................... 102
To members of the international law community................................................. 106
To foreign governments and the United Nations.................................................. 108
XI. Acknowledgments................................................................................................... 109
Appendix I: Glossary of Chinese Terms...................................................................... 110
Appendix II: Index of Chinese Names......................................................................... 113
Appendix III: Selected Bibliography............................................................................ 116
Publications.............................................................................................................. 116
Laws and regulations.............................................................................................. 122
Speeches.................................................................................................................. 123
Appendix IV: Law on Lawyers of the People's Republic of China............................. 125