May 7, 2004

DARFUR DESTROYED

ETHNIC CLEANSING BY GOVERNMENT AND MILITIA FORCES IN WESTERN SUDAN

SUMMARY..
SUMMARY RECOMMENDATIONS
BACKGROUND...
ABUSES BY THE GOVERNMENT-JANJAWEED IN WEST DARFUR..
Mass Killings By the Government and Janjaweed
Attacks and massacres in Dar Masalit
Mass Executions of captured Fur men in Wadi Salih: 145 killed
Other Mass Killings of Fur civilians in Wadi Salih
Aerial bombardment of civilians
Systematic Targeting of Marsali and Fur, Burnings of Marsalit Villages and Destruction of Food Stocks and Other Essential Items
Destruction of Mosques and Islamic Religious Articles
Killings and assault accompanying looting of property
Rape and other forms of sexual violence
Efforts to Prevent Return of Displaced Masalit and Fur
Occupation and Resettlement of Masalit Villages by Janjaweed
Impeding the free movement of civilians
"ETHNIC CLEANSING" IN WEST DARFUR..
ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE OF GOVERNMENT WORKING HAND IN GLOVE WITH JANJAWEED
Government admissions of its Janjaweed relationship
Sudanese government use of ethnic militias for counterinsurgency
Recruitment of criminals to lead the Janjaweed
Impunity for the Janjaweed: Police Forbidden to Punish
TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE: SUDANESE AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE 2004
Response of the Sudanese government and the rebel groups: The ceasefire agreement
The United Nations: strong statements from U.N. staff
The U.N. Commission on Human Rights: more heat than light
The European Union and European member states
The African Union and African member states
The United States
The humanitarian response
FULL RECOMMENDATIONS
APPENDIX A: POPULATION OF SUDAN: ETHNIC CENSUS OF 1956
APPENDIX B: POPULATION OF WEST DARFUR..
APPENDIX C: SOME MOSQUES BURNED IN DAR MASALIT..
APPPENDIX D: MASSACRE AND MASS KILLING VICTIMS,
METHODOLOGY..
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS